Jesus and Nicodemus
1There was a man from the Pharisees3:1 Mk 7:3 named Nicodemus,3:1 Jn 3:4,9; 7:50; 19:39 a ruler3:1 Lk 8:41; 12:58 of the Jews.
4“How can anyone be born when he is old?” Nicodemus asked him. “Can he enter his mother’s womb a second time and be born?”
5Jesus answered, “Truly I tell you, unless someone is born3:5 Mk 9:43 of water and the Spirit,3:5 Ezk 36:25–27; Ac 22:16; Ti 3:5 he cannot enter the kingdom of God.
6Whatever is born of the flesh3:6 Php 3:3 is flesh, and whatever is born of the Spirit3:6 Jn 1:33 is spirit.
9“How can these things be?” asked Nicodemus.
10 “Are you a teacher 3:10 Or the teacher of Israel and don’t know these things?” Jesus replied.
11“Truly I tell you,3:11 Jn 1:51; Rv 22:21 we speak what we know and we testify to what we have seen, but you do not accept our testimony.
12If I have told you about earthly things and you don’t believe, how will you believe if I tell you about heavenly things?
14 “Just as Moses 3:14 Ps 77:20; Mt 8:4; Heb 3:2 lifted up the snake in the wilderness,3:14 Nm 21:4–9 so the Son of Man must be lifted up,
15so that everyone who believes in him may3:15 Other mss add not perish, but have eternal life.3:15 Mk 10:17; Jn 12:25; Ac 13:48
16For God loved3:16 Jn 12:43; 1Co 13:1; Gl 2:20; Col 1:13; 3:12; 1Th 1:4; 2Th 2:13,16; 1Jn 4:7–12; Jd 1 the world in this way:3:16 Or this much He gave3:16 Or For in this way God loved the world, and so he gave, or For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only3:16 1Jn 4:9 Son,3:16 Jn 5:19; Heb 1:2 so that everyone who believes in him will not perish but have eternal life.3:16 Jn 12:25; Rm 5:8; 1Jn 3:16; 4:9–10
17For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn3:17 Jn 8:11 the world, but to save the world through him.
18Anyone who believes in him is not condemned, but anyone who does not believe is already condemned,3:18 Mt 12:41; Mk 16:16 because he has not believed in the name3:18 Jn 10:25; 1Jn 3:23 of the one and only Son3:18 Jn 5:19 of God.
19This is the judgment: The light3:19 Ps 36:9; Jn 12:46 has come into the world,3:19 Jn 18:37; 1Jn 2:8 and people loved darkness rather than the light because their deeds were evil.
20For everyone who does evil hates3:20 Lk 6:27; 19:14 the light and avoids it,3:20 Lit and does not come to the light so that his deeds3:20 Mk 14:6; Gl 3:10; Jms 2:14–26 may not be exposed.
Jesus and John the Baptist
22After this, Jesus and his disciples went to the Judean countryside, where he spent time with them and baptized.
23John3:23 Mk 1:4 also was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because there was plenty of water there. People were coming and being baptized,
25Then a dispute arose between John’s disciples3:25 Mt 9:14; 11:2; 14:12; Mk 2:18; 6:29; Lk 5:33; 7:18–19; 11:1; Jn 1:35,37; 6:3 and a Jew3:25 Other mss read and the Jews about purification.3:25 Lv 13–14; Heb 1:3
27John responded, “No one can receive anything unless it has been given to him from heaven.
28You yourselves can testify that I said, ‘I am not the Messiah,3:28 Mt 1:17; Eph 5:2 but I’ve been sent ahead of him.’3:28 Lk 1:17
29He who has the bride3:29 Rv 21:2 is the groom. But the groom’s friend, who stands by and listens for him, rejoices greatly3:29 Lit with joy rejoices at the groom’s voice. So this joy3:29 Jn 15:11 of mine is complete.
30He must increase, but I must decrease.”
The One from Heaven
31The one who comes from above3:31 Jms 1:17 is above all. The one who is from the earth is earthly and speaks in earthly terms.3:31 Or of earthly things The one who comes from heaven is above all.3:31 Jn 8:23; 1Jn 4:5–6
32He testifies3:32 Jn 15:26; Ac 26:5 to what he has seen and heard, and yet no one accepts his testimony.
34For the one whom God sent speaks God’s words, since he3:34 Other mss read since God gives the Spirit3:34 Jn 1:33 without measure.
35The Father loves the Son3:35 Jn 5:20; 10:17; 1Co 13:1 and has given all things into his hands.3:35 Jn 5:19