Jesus and Nicodemus
1There was a man from the Pharisees3:1 Mk 7:3 named Nicodemus,3:1 Jn 3:4,9; 7:50; 19:39 a ruler3:1 Lk 8:41; 12:58 of the Jews.
2This man came to him at night and said, “Rabbi,3:2 Jn 11:8 we know that you are a teacher3:2 Mk 4:38; Eph 4:11 who has come from God,3:2 Mk 1:45 for no one could perform these signs you do unless God were with him.”3:2 Ex 3:12; Jn 15:24; Ac 10:38; Rv 21:3
3Jesus replied, “Truly I tell you, unless someone is born again,3:3 Or from above, also in v. 73:3 1Pt 1:3; 1Jn 2:29 he cannot see the kingdom of God.” 3:3 Mk 1:15; 9:1
4“How can anyone be born when he is old?” Nicodemus asked him. “Can he enter his mother’s womb a second time and be born?”
5Jesus answered, “Truly I tell you, unless someone is born3:5 Mk 9:43 of water and the Spirit,3:5 Ezk 36:25–27; Ac 22:16; Ti 3:5 he cannot enter the kingdom of God.
6Whatever is born of the flesh3:6 Php 3:3 is flesh, and whatever is born of the Spirit3:6 Jn 1:33 is spirit.
7Do not be amazed that I told you that you must be born3:7 1Pt 1:3 again.
8The wind blows where it pleases, and you hear its sound, but you don’t know where it comes from or where it is going.3:8 Jn 8:14 So it is with everyone born of the Spirit.”3:8 1Co 2:13–16
9“How can these things be?” asked Nicodemus.
10 “Are you a teacher 3:10 Or the teacher of Israel and don’t know these things?” Jesus replied.
11“Truly I tell you,3:11 Jn 1:51; Rv 22:21 we speak what we know and we testify to what we have seen, but you do not accept our testimony.
12If I have told you about earthly things and you don’t believe, how will you believe if I tell you about heavenly things?
13No one has ascended3:13 Jn 20:17 into heaven3:13 Dt 30:12; Jn 6:62; Ac 2:34; Rm 10:6; 1Co 15:47; Eph 4:8–10; Rv 11:12 except the one who descended from heaven3:13 Jn 6:38; 8:23 — the Son of Man.3:13 Other mss add who is in heaven3:13 Mk 2:10
14 “Just as Moses 3:14 Ps 77:20; Mt 8:4; Heb 3:2 lifted up the snake in the wilderness,3:14 Nm 21:4–9 so the Son of Man must be lifted up,
15so that everyone who believes in him may3:15 Other mss add not perish, but have eternal life.3:15 Mk 10:17; Jn 12:25; Ac 13:48
16For God loved3:16 Jn 12:43; 1Co 13:1; Gl 2:20; Col 1:13; 3:12; 1Th 1:4; 2Th 2:13,16; 1Jn 4:7–12; Jd 1 the world in this way:3:16 Or this much He gave3:16 Or For in this way God loved the world, and so he gave, or For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only3:16 1Jn 4:9 Son,3:16 Jn 5:19; Heb 1:2 so that everyone who believes in him will not perish but have eternal life.3:16 Jn 12:25; Rm 5:8; 1Jn 3:16; 4:9–10
17For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn3:17 Jn 8:11 the world, but to save the world through him.
18Anyone who believes in him is not condemned, but anyone who does not believe is already condemned,3:18 Mt 12:41; Mk 16:16 because he has not believed in the name3:18 Jn 10:25; 1Jn 3:23 of the one and only Son3:18 Jn 5:19 of God.
19This is the judgment: The light3:19 Ps 36:9; Jn 12:46 has come into the world,3:19 Jn 18:37; 1Jn 2:8 and people loved darkness rather than the light because their deeds were evil.
20For everyone who does evil hates3:20 Lk 6:27; 19:14 the light and avoids it,3:20 Lit and does not come to the light so that his deeds3:20 Mk 14:6; Gl 3:10; Jms 2:14–26 may not be exposed.
21But anyone who lives by3:21 Lit who does the truth comes to the light, so that his works3:21 Jn 5:36 may be shown to be accomplished by God.”
Jesus and John the Baptist
22After this, Jesus and his disciples went to the Judean countryside, where he spent time with them and baptized.
23John3:23 Mk 1:4 also was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because there was plenty of water there. People were coming and being baptized,
24since John had not yet been thrown into prison.3:24 Mk 1:14
25Then a dispute arose between John’s disciples3:25 Mt 9:14; 11:2; 14:12; Mk 2:18; 6:29; Lk 5:33; 7:18–19; 11:1; Jn 1:35,37; 6:3 and a Jew3:25 Other mss read and the Jews about purification.3:25 Lv 13–14; Heb 1:3
26So they came to John and told him, “Rabbi,3:26 Jn 11:8 the one you testified about, and who was with you across the Jordan,3:26 Mk 10:1; Lk 3:3 is baptizing — and everyone is going to him.”3:26 Mk 1:45
27John responded, “No one can receive anything unless it has been given to him from heaven.
28You yourselves can testify that I said, ‘I am not the Messiah,3:28 Mt 1:17; Eph 5:2 but I’ve been sent ahead of him.’3:28 Lk 1:17
29He who has the bride3:29 Rv 21:2 is the groom. But the groom’s friend, who stands by and listens for him, rejoices greatly3:29 Lit with joy rejoices at the groom’s voice. So this joy3:29 Jn 15:11 of mine is complete.
30He must increase, but I must decrease.”
The One from Heaven
31The one who comes from above3:31 Jms 1:17 is above all. The one who is from the earth is earthly and speaks in earthly terms.3:31 Or of earthly things The one who comes from heaven is above all.3:31 Jn 8:23; 1Jn 4:5–6
32He testifies3:32 Jn 15:26; Ac 26:5 to what he has seen and heard, and yet no one accepts his testimony.
33The one who has accepted his testimony has affirmed that God is true.3:33 1Jn 5:20
34For the one whom God sent speaks God’s words, since he3:34 Other mss read since God gives the Spirit3:34 Jn 1:33 without measure.
35The Father loves the Son3:35 Jn 5:20; 10:17; 1Co 13:1 and has given all things into his hands.3:35 Jn 5:19
36The one who believes in the Son has eternal life, but the one who rejects the Son3:36 Or refuses to believe in the Son, or disobeys the Son will not see life; instead, the wrath of God remains on him.3:36 Mk 16:16