God’s Judgment on Babylon
1This is what the Lord says:
I am about to rouse the spirit of a destroyer51:1 Or to stir up a destructive wind against Babylon51:1 Jr 4:11–12; 50:9
and against the population of Leb-qamai.51:1 Lit heart of my adversaries51:1 = Chaldeans
2I will send strangers to Babylon
who will scatter her and strip her land bare,51:2 Jr 15:7; Mt 3:12
for they will come against her
from every side in the day of disaster.
3Don’t let the archer string his bow;
don’t let him put on51:3 Hb obscure his armor.51:3 Jb 41:13; Jr 46:4
Don’t spare her young men;
completely destroy her entire army!
4Those who were slain will fall in the land of the Chaldeans,
those who were pierced through, in her streets.51:4 Jr 51:47,52
5For Israel and Judah are not left widowed
by their God, the Lord of Armies,
though their land is full of guilt
against the Holy One of Israel.51:5 Ps 78:41; Is 37:23; Jr 50:29

6Leave Babylon;51:6 Jr 50:8; Rv 18:4
save your lives, each of you!51:6 Jr 48:6; 51:45
Don’t perish because of her guilt.
For this is the time of the Lord’s vengeance —
he will pay her what she deserves.51:6 Ps 28:4; 137:8; Is 66:6
7Babylon was a gold cup in the Lord’s hand,51:7 Rv 17:4
making the whole earth drunk.
The nations drank her wine;51:7 Rv 14:8; 18:3
therefore, the nations go mad.51:7 Jr 25:16
8Suddenly Babylon fell and was shattered.
Wail for her;
get balm51:8 Jr 8:22; 46:11 for her wound —
perhaps she can be healed.

9We tried to heal Babylon,
but she could not be healed.
Abandon her!
Let each of us go to his own land,51:9 Is 13:14
for her judgment extends to the sky
and reaches as far as the clouds.51:9 Rv 18:5

10The Lord has brought about our vindication;51:10 Ps 37:6
come, let’s tell in Zion
what the Lord our God has accomplished.51:10 Jr 50:28

11Sharpen the arrows!51:11 Is 5:28; Jr 50:9,14,29; 51:3
Fill the quivers!51:11 Or Grasp the shields!
The Lord has roused the spirit
of the kings of the Medes
because his plan is aimed at Babylon
to destroy her,
for it is the Lord’s vengeance,
vengeance for his temple.51:11 Jr 50:28
12Raise up a signal flag51:12 Ps 60:4; Is 5:26; 18:3
against the walls of Babylon;
fortify the watch post;
set the watchmen in place;
prepare the ambush.
For the Lord has both planned and accomplished
what he has threatened
against those who live in Babylon.51:12 Is 14:26; 19:12,17; 23:8; Jr 18:11; 49:20,30; 50:45; Mc 2:3
13You who reside by abundant water,51:13 Rv 17:1
rich in treasures,
your end has come,
your life thread is cut.
14The Lord of Armies has sworn by himself:
I will fill you up with men as with locusts,
and they will sing the victory song over you.

15He made the earth by his power,
established the world51:15 Jb 38:4; Ps 93:1; 96:10 by his wisdom,51:15 Pr 3:19–20; 8:22–29
and spread out the heavens by his understanding.51:15 Jb 9:8; Ps 104:2; Is 45:12
16When he thunders,51:16 Lit At his giving of the voice
the waters in the heavens are tumultuous,51:16 Jr 5:22; 31:35
and he causes the clouds
to rise from the ends of the earth.
He makes lightning for the rain
and brings the wind from his storehouses.51:16 Jb 38:25–30,34–38; Ps 135:7

17Everyone is stupid and ignorant.
Every goldsmith is put to shame by his carved image,51:17 Is 40:18–31; 46:1–7
for his cast images are a lie;51:17 Is 41:29
there is no breath in them.51:17 Hab 2:19
18They are worthless,51:18 Jr 10:3,8 a work to be mocked.
At the time of their punishment they will be destroyed.51:18 Jr 6:15; 10:15; 49:8
19Jacob’s Portion51:19 = The Lord is not like these
because he is the one who formed all things.51:19 Gn 2:7–8,19; Ps 95:5; Is 43:1
Israel is the tribe of his inheritance;51:19 Dt 4:20; 32:8–9; Ps 74:2; 78:71; Is 63:17; Mc 7:18; Eph 1:18
the Lord of Armies is his name.51:15–19 Jr 10:12–16

20You are my war club,
my weapons of war.
With you I will smash nations;
with you I will bring kingdoms to ruin.
21With you I will smash the horse and its rider;
with you I will smash the chariot and its rider.
22With you I will smash man and woman;51:22 2Ch 36:17; Is 13:15–18
with you I will smash the old man and the youth;
with you I will smash the young man and the young woman.
23With you I will smash the shepherd and his flock;
with you I will smash the farmer and his ox-team.51:23 Lit yoke
With you I will smash governors and officials.
24“Before your very eyes, I will repay Babylon and all the residents of Chaldea for all their evil they have done in Zion.”51:24 2Sm 12:11; Is 1:7; Jr 16:9; 20:4; 29:21; 39:16; 50:15,29
This is the Lord’s declaration.
25Look, I am against you, devastating mountain.
This is the Lord’s declaration.
You devastate the whole earth.
I will stretch out my hand against you,51:25 Jr 15:6; Ezk 6:14; 25:7
roll you down from the cliffs,
and turn you into a charred mountain.
26No one will be able to retrieve a cornerstone
or a foundation stone from you,
because you will become desolate forever.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

27Raise a signal flag51:27 Ps 60:4; Is 5:26; 18:3 in the land;
blow a ram’s horn among the nations;51:27 Jr 4:5; 6:1
set apart the nations against her.51:27 Jr 6:4; 22:7; 50:9
Summon kingdoms against her —
Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz.
Appoint a marshal against her;
bring up horses like a swarm51:27 Hb obscure of locusts.
28Set apart the nations for battle against her —
the kings of Media,
her governors and all her officials,
and all the lands they rule.
29The earth quakes51:29 Ps 18:7; Is 13:13; Jr 50:46 and trembles
because the Lord’s intentions against Babylon stand:
to make the land of Babylon a desolation, without inhabitant.
30Babylon’s warriors have stopped fighting;
they sit in their strongholds.
Their might is exhausted;
they have become like women.51:30 Jr 50:37
Babylon’s homes have been set ablaze,
her gate bars are shattered.51:30 Lm 2:9; Nah 3:13
31Messenger races to meet messenger,51:31 2Ch 30:6
and herald to meet herald,
to announce to the king of Babylon
that his city has been captured
from end to end.51:31 Jr 50:24
32The fords have been seized,51:32 Jdg 12:5
the marshes set on fire,
and the fighting men are terrified.
33For this is what the Lord of Armies, the God of Israel, says:
Daughter Babylon is like a threshing floor
at the time it is trampled.51:33 Is 21:10
In just a little while her harvest time will come.51:33 Is 17:5; Jl 3:13; Rv 14:15

34“King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon has devoured me;
he has crushed me.
He has set me aside like an empty dish;
he has swallowed me like a sea monster;51:34 Ps 74:13; Is 27:1; Ezk 29:3
he filled his belly with my delicacies;
he has vomited me out.51:34 Lit has rinsed me off
35Let the violence done to me and my family be done to Babylon,”
says the inhabitant of Zion.
“Let my blood be on the inhabitants of Chaldea,”
says Jerusalem.
36Therefore, this is what the Lord says:
I am about to champion your cause51:36 1Sm 24:15; Pr 23:11; Jr 50:34
and take vengeance on your behalf;
I will dry up her sea51:36 Ex 14:16–15:21
and make her fountain run dry.
37Babylon will become a heap of rubble,
a jackals’ den,
a desolation and an object of scorn,51:37 2Ch 29:8; Jr 18:16; 19:8
without inhabitant.51:37 Jr 4:7; 9:11; 33:10; 34:22; 44:2,22; 46:19; 48:9; 49:33
38They will roar together like young lions;
they will growl like lion cubs.
39While they are flushed with heat, I will serve them a feast,
and I will make them drunk so that they celebrate.51:39 LXX reads pass out51:39 Jr 51:57
Then they will fall asleep forever
and never wake up.
This is the Lord’s declaration.
40I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter,
like rams together with male goats.51:40 Is 34:6; Ezk 39:18

41How Sheshak51:41 = Babylon51:41 Jr 25:26 has been captured,51:41 Jr 25:26
the praise51:41 Jr 33:9; 49:25 of the whole earth seized.
What a horror Babylon has become
among the nations!51:41 Jr 50:23
42The sea has risen over Babylon;51:42 Is 8:7–8
she is covered with its tumultuous waves.
43Her cities have become a desolation,51:43 Jr 50:12
an arid desert,
a land where no one lives,
where no human being even passes through.
44I will punish Bel51:44 Is 46:1; Jr 50:2 in Babylon.
I will make him vomit what he swallowed.51:44 Jb 20:15
The nations will no longer stream to him;51:44 Is 2:2; Mc 4:1
even Babylon’s wall will fall.

45Come out from among her, my people!51:45 Jr 51:6
Save your lives, each of you,51:45 Jr 48:6; 51:6
from the Lord’s burning anger.
46May you not become cowardly and fearful
when the report is proclaimed in the land,
for the report will come one year,
and then another the next year.
There will be violence in the land
with ruler against ruler.
47Therefore, look, the days are coming51:47 Jr 7:32; 16:14; 19:6; 23:7; 48:12; 49:2; 51:52
when I will punish Babylon’s carved images.51:47 Jr 50:2
Her entire land will suffer shame,
and all her slain will lie fallen within her.51:47 Jr 50:12
48Heaven and earth and everything in them
will shout for joy51:48 Is 44:23; 49:13 over Babylon
because the destroyers from the north51:48 Is 41:25; Jr 4:6,20; 6:1; 15:12; 47:2; 50:3,9,41
will come against her.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

49Babylon must fall because of the slain of Israel,
even as the slain of the whole earth fell
because of Babylon.
50You who have escaped the sword,51:50 Jr 44:28
go and do not stand still!
Remember the Lord from far away,
and let Jerusalem come to your mind.

51We are ashamed
because we have heard insults.51:51 Ps 44:15
Humiliation covers our faces
because foreigners have entered
the holy places of the Lord’s temple.51:51 Lm 1:10

52Therefore, look, the days are coming —
this is the Lord’s declaration —
when I will punish her carved images,
and the wounded will groan
throughout her land.
53Even if Babylon should ascend to the heavens51:53 Gn 11:4; Is 14:12–14; Jr 49:16
and fortify her tall fortresses,
destroyers will come against her from me.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

54The sound of a cry from Babylon!51:54 Jr 50:22
The sound of terrible destruction51:54 Jr 4:6; 6:1; 14:17; 48:3; Zph 1:10
from the land of the Chaldeans!
55For the Lord is going to devastate Babylon;
he will silence her mighty voice.
Their waves roar like a huge torrent;
the tumult of their voice resounds,
56for a destroyer is coming against her,
against Babylon.
Her warriors will be captured,
their bows shattered,
for the Lord is a God of retribution;
he will certainly repay.
57I will make her princes and sages drunk,
along with her governors, officials, and warriors.
Then they will fall asleep forever
and never wake up.51:57 Jr 51:39
This is the King’s declaration;
the Lord of Armies is his name.51:57 Jr 46:18; 48:15
58This is what the Lord of Armies says:
Babylon’s thick walls will be totally demolished,51:58 Jr 50:15
and her high gates set ablaze.
The peoples will have labored for nothing;51:58 Hab 2:13
the nations will weary themselves only to feed the fire.
59This is what the prophet Jeremiah commanded Seraiah son of Neriah son of Mahseiah,51:59 Jr 32:12 the quartermaster, when he went to Babylon with King Zedekiah of Judah in the fourth year of Zedekiah’s reign.
60Jeremiah wrote on one scroll about all the disaster that would come to Babylon;51:60 Jr 36:2 all these words were written against Babylon.
61Jeremiah told Seraiah, “When you get to Babylon, see that you read all these words aloud.
62Say, ‘Lord, you have threatened to cut off51:62 1Sm 20:15; Ps 109:13; Is 10:7; Jr 9:21; 44:11; 47:4; Ob 14 this place so that no one will live in it — people or animals.51:62 Ps 135:8; Jr 7:20; 21:6; 32:43; 33:10,12; 36:29; 50:3 Indeed, it will remain desolate forever.’
63When you have finished reading this scroll, tie a stone to it and throw it into the middle of the Euphrates River.51:63 Jr 19:10–11; Rv 18:21
64Then say, ‘In the same way, Babylon will sink and never rise again because of the disaster I am bringing on her. They will grow weary.’”
The words of Jeremiah end here.