False Gods Contrasted with the Creator
1Hear the word that the Lord has spoken to10:1 Or against you, house of Israel.
2This is what the Lord says:
Do not learn the way of the nations10:2 Jr 2:23,36
or be terrified by signs in the heavens,
although the nations are terrified by them,
3for the customs of the peoples are worthless.
Someone cuts down a tree from the forest;
it is worked by the hands of a craftsman with a chisel.
4He decorates it with silver and gold.10:4 Is 40:19
It is fastened with hammer and nails,10:4 Is 41:7
so it won’t totter.
5Like scarecrows in a cucumber patch,
their idols cannot speak.10:5 Ps 115:5; 1Co 12:2
They must be carried10:5 Ps 115:7; Is 46:7 because they cannot walk.
Do not fear them for they can do no harm10:5 Is 41:23–24 —
and they cannot do any good.10:3–5 Is 44:9–20

6 Lord, there is no one like you.10:6 Ex 15:11; 2Sm 7:22; 1Kg 8:23
You are great;
your name is great in power.10:6 Ps 76:1; 86:10; Mal 1:11
7Who should not fear you,
King of the nations?10:7 Ps 22:28; 47:7–8; Jr 8:19
It is what you deserve.
For among all the wise people of the nations
and among all their kingdoms,
there is no one like you.
8They are both stupid and foolish,
instructed by worthless idols
made of wood!
9Beaten silver is brought from Tarshish10:9 Ezk 27:12,25; 38:13
and gold from Uphaz.10:9 Or Ophir10:9 Dn 10:5
The work of a craftsman
and of a goldsmith’s hands
is clothed in blue and purple,
all the work of skilled artisans.
10But the Lord is the true God;10:10 2Ch 15:3
he is the living God10:10 Dt 5:26; 1Sm 17:26,36; 2Kg 19:4,16 and eternal King.10:10 Ex 15:18; Ps 10:16; 29:10
The earth quakes at his wrath,10:10 2Sm 22:8; Ps 18:7; Is 13:13
and the nations cannot endure his fury.
11You are to say this to them: “The gods that did not make the heavens10:11 Ps 96:5 and the earth will perish from the earth10:11 Is 2:18 and from under these heavens.”10:11 This is the only Aramaic v. in Jr.
12He made the earth by his power,
established the world10:12 Jb 38:4; Ps 93:1; 96:10 by his wisdom,10:12 Pr 3:19–20; 8:22–29
and spread out the heavens by his understanding.10:12 Jb 9:8; Ps 104:2; Is 45:12
13When he thunders,10:13 Lit At his giving of the voice
the waters in the heavens are in turmoil,10:13 Jr 5:22; 31:35
and he causes the clouds to rise
from the ends of the earth.
He makes lightning for the rain
and brings the wind from his storehouses.10:13 Jb 38:25–30,34–38; Ps 135:7

14Everyone is stupid and ignorant.
Every goldsmith is put to shame
by his carved image,10:14 Is 40:18–31; 46:1–7
for his cast images are a lie;10:14 Is 41:29
there is no breath in them.10:14 Hab 2:19
15They are worthless, a work to be mocked.
At the time of their punishment
they will be destroyed.10:15 Jr 8:12; 51:18
16Jacob’s Portion10:16 = the Lord is not like these
because he is the one who formed all things.10:16 Gn 2:7–8,19; Ps 94:9; 95:5
Israel is the tribe of his inheritance;10:16 Dt 4:20; 32:8–9; Ps 74:2
the Lord of Armies is his name.10:12–16 Jr 51:15–19
Exile after the Siege
17Gather up your belongings10:17 Lit bundle from the ground,10:17 Ezk 12:3
you who live under siege.
18For this is what the Lord says:
Look, I am flinging away10:18 1Sm 25:29
the land’s residents at this time
and bringing them such distress
that they will feel it.
Jeremiah Grieves
19Woe to me because of my brokenness —
I am severely wounded!10:19 Jr 14:17; 30:12; Nah 3:19
I exclaimed, “This is my intense suffering,
but I must bear it.”
20My tent is destroyed;10:20 Jr 4:20
all my tent cords are snapped.
My sons have departed from me and are no more.
I have no one to pitch my tent again
or to hang up my curtains.
21For the shepherds are stupid:
They don’t seek the Lord.10:21 2Ch 16:12; Is 9:13; 31:1
Therefore they have not prospered,
and their whole flock is scattered.
22Listen! A noise — it is coming —
a great commotion10:22 Jr 4:29; 6:22–23 from the land to the north.
The cities of Judah will be made desolate,
a jackals’ den.10:22 Jr 9:11

23I know, Lord,
that a person’s way of life is not his own;
no one who walks determines his own steps.10:23 Ps 37:23; Pr 3:5–6; 16:9
24Discipline me, Lord, but with justice —
not in your anger,10:24 Ps 6:1; 38:1
or you will reduce me to nothing.
25Pour out your wrath on the nations
that don’t recognize you
and on the families
that don’t call on your name,
for they have consumed Jacob;
they have consumed him and finished him off
and made his homeland desolate.10:25 Ps 79:6–7