Song of the Vineyard
1I will sing about the one I love,
a song about my loved one’s vineyard:5:1 Ps 80:8; Jr 12:10; Mt 21:33; Lk 20:9
The one I love had a vineyard
on a very fertile hill.
2He broke up the soil, cleared it of stones,
and planted it with the finest vines.5:2 Jr 2:21
He built a tower in the middle of it
and even dug out a winepress there.
He expected5:2 Is 40:31 it to yield good grapes,
but it yielded worthless grapes.5:2 Mt 21:19; Mk 11:13; Lk 13:6

3So now, residents of Jerusalem
and men of Judah,
please judge between me
and my vineyard.
4What more could I have done for my vineyard
than I did?5:4 Mc 6:3–4; Mt 23:37
Why, when I expected a yield of good grapes,
did it yield worthless grapes?
5Now I will tell you
what I am about to do to my vineyard:
I will remove its hedge,5:5 Ps 89:40; Jr 5:10
and it will be consumed;
I will tear down its wall,5:5 Ps 80:12
and it will be trampled.
6I will make it a wasteland.5:6 2Ch 36:19–21; Is 7:19–25; 24:1,3; 27:2–6; Jr 25:11
It will not be pruned or weeded;
thorns and briers will grow up.5:6 Gn 3:18; Is 7:23–25; 9:18; 10:17; 27:4; 32:13
I will also give orders to the clouds
that rain should not fall on it.
7For the vineyard of the Lord of Armies
is the house of Israel,5:7 Ps 80:8–11
and the men5:7 Lit man of Judah,
the plant he delighted in.
He expected justice
but saw injustice;
he expected righteousness
but heard cries of despair.
Judah’s Sins Denounced
8Woe to those who add house to house5:8 Jr 22:13–17; Mc 2:2; Hab 2:9–12
and join field to field
until there is no more room
and you alone are left in the land.
9I heard the Lord of Armies say:
Indeed, many houses5:9 Am 3:10,15 will become desolate,
grand and lovely ones without inhabitants.
10For a ten-acre5:10 Lit ten-yoke vineyard will yield
only six gallons of wine,5:10 Lit one bath
and ten bushels5:10 Lit one homer of seed will yield
only one bushel of grain.5:10 Lit yield an ephah

11Woe to those who rise early in the morning
in pursuit of beer,5:11 Lv 10:9; Nm 6:3; Dt 29:6; Jdg 13:4; Is 5:22; 24:9; 28:7; 56:12
who linger into the evening,
inflamed by wine.
12At their feasts they have lyre, harp,
tambourine, flute, and wine.
They do not perceive the Lord’s actions,5:12 Dt 32:4; Jb 34:27; 36:24; Ps 28:5; 44:1; 64:9–10
and they do not see the work of his hands.5:12 Ex 32:16; 34:10; Ps 8:3,6; 19:1; 92:4–5; Is 10:12; 29:23

13Therefore my people will go into exile
because they lack knowledge;5:13 Is 1:3; 27:11; Hs 4:6; Lk 11:52; 19:42; 1Tm 1:13
her5:13 Lit its dignitaries are starving,
and her masses are parched with thirst.
14Therefore Sheol enlarges its throat
and opens wide its enormous jaws,5:14 Pr 30:16; Hab 2:5
and down go Zion’s dignitaries, her masses,
her crowds, and those who celebrate in her!
15Humanity is brought low, each person is humbled,
and haughty eyes are humbled.5:15 Is 2:9,11,17; 10:33
16But the Lord of Armies is exalted by his justice,5:16 Is 33:5,10
and the holy God5:16 Is 6:3 demonstrates his holiness through his righteousness.5:16 Is 8:13; 29:23; 1Pt 3:15
17Lambs will graze
as if in5:17 Syr reads graze in their own pastures,5:17 Mc 2:12
and resident aliens5:17 LXX reads sheep will eat
among the ruins of the rich.

18Woe to those who drag iniquity
with cords of deceit5:18 Pr 5:22; Is 59:4–8; Jr 23:10–14
and pull sin along with cart ropes,
19to those who say,
“Let him hurry up and do his work quickly
so that we can see it!
Let the plan5:19 Jb 38:2; 42:3; Ps 33:11; 106:13; 107:11; Pr 19:21; Is 14:26; 19:17; 46:10–11 of the Holy One of Israel5:19 Is 1:4 take place
so that we can know it!”
20Woe to those who call evil good
and good evil,5:20 Pr 17:15; Am 5:7; Mal 2:17
who substitute darkness for light
and light for darkness,
who substitute bitter for sweet
and sweet for bitter.
21Woe to those who consider themselves wise
and judge themselves clever.5:21 Lit and clever before their face5:21 Pr 3:7; Rm 12:16; 1Co 3:18
22Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine,
who are champions at pouring beer,5:22 Is 5:11
23who acquit the guilty for a bribe5:23 Ex 23:8; Pr 17:15; Is 1:23; 33:15
and deprive the innocent of justice.

24Therefore, as a tongue of fire consumes straw
and as dry grass shrivels in the flame,
so their roots will become like something rotten
and their blossoms will blow away like dust,
for they have rejected5:24 Is 8:6; 30:9,12; Am 2:4; Ac 13:41
the instruction of the Lord of Armies,
and they have despised
the word of the Holy One of Israel.5:24 Is 5:19; Jr 51:5
25Therefore the Lord’s anger burned5:25 Nm 11:10,33; 32:10–13; Dt 6:15; Jos 7:1; 23:16; 2Kg 13:3; Ps 106:40 against his people.
He raised his hand against them and struck them;
the mountains quaked,5:25 Am 1:1; Zch 14:5
and their corpses were like garbage in the streets.
In all this, his anger has not turned away,
and his hand is still raised to strike.5:25 Is 9:12,17,21; 10:4; 14:27

26He raises a signal flag for the distant nations5:26 Is 10:5; 11:10,12; 13:2; 18:3
and whistles5:26 Is 7:18; Zch 10:8 for them from the ends of the earth.
Look — how quickly and swiftly they come!
27None of them grows weary or stumbles;5:27 1Jn 2:10
no one slumbers or sleeps.
No belt is loose
and no sandal strap broken.
28Their arrows are sharpened,
and all their bows strung.
Their horses’ hooves are like flint;
their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind.
29Their roaring is like a lion’s;5:29 Jdg 14:5; Hs 13:8; Jl 1:6; Nah 2:12–13
they roar like young lions;5:29 Rv 9:17
they growl and seize their prey
and carry it off,
and no one can rescue it.
30On that day they will roar over it,
like the roaring of the sea.
When one looks at the land,
there will be darkness and distress;
light will be obscured by clouds.5:30 Lit its clouds