Woe to the Scribes and Pharisees
(Mark 12:38–40; Luke 20:45–47)
1Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes and to His disciples,
2saying: “The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat.
3Therefore whatever they tell you 23:3 NU omits to observeto observe, that observe and do, but do not do according to their works; for they say, and do not do.
4For they bind heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.
5But all their works they do to be seen by men. They make their phylacteries broad and enlarge the borders of their garments.
6They love the 23:6 Or place of honorbest places at feasts, the best seats in the synagogues,
7greetings in the marketplaces, and to be called by men, ‘Rabbi, Rabbi.’
8But you, do not be called ‘Rabbi’; for One is your 23:8 LeaderTeacher, 23:8 NU omits the Christthe Christ, and you are all brethren.
9Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven.
10And do not be called teachers; for One is your Teacher, the Christ.
11But he who is greatest among you shall be your servant.
12And whoever exalts himself will be 23:12 put downhumbled, and he who humbles himself will be 23:12 lifted upexalted.
13“But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut up the kingdom of heaven against men; for you neither go in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in.
1423:14 NU omits v. 14.Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. Therefore you will receive greater condemnation.
15“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel land and sea to win one proselyte, and when he is won, you make him twice as much a son of 23:15 Gr. Gehennahell as yourselves.
16“Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obliged to perform it.
17Fools and blind! For which is greater, the gold or the temple that 23:17 NU sanctifiedsanctifies the gold?
18And, ‘Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gift that is on it, he is obliged to perform it.
19Fools and blind! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that sanctifies the gift?
20Therefore he who 23:20 Swears an oathswears by the altar, swears by it and by all things on it.
21He who swears by the temple, swears by it and by Him who 23:21 M dweltdwells in it.
22And he who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God and by Him who sits on it.
23“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faith. These you ought to have done, without leaving the others undone.
24Blind guides, who strain out a gnat and swallow a camel!
25“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you cleanse the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of extortion and 23:25 M unrighteousnessself-indulgence.
26Blind Pharisee, first cleanse the inside of the cup and dish, that the outside of them may be clean also.
27“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs which indeed appear beautiful outwardly, but inside are full of dead men’s bones and all uncleanness.
28Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.
29“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you build the tombs of the prophets and 23:29 decorateadorn the monuments of the righteous,
30and say, ‘If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.’
31“Therefore you are witnesses against yourselves that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets.
32Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers’ guilt.
33Serpents, brood23:33 offspring of vipers! How can you escape the condemnation of hell?
34Therefore, indeed, I send you prophets, wise men, and scribes: some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues and persecute from city to city,
35that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.
36Assuredly, I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation.
Jesus Laments over Jerusalem
(Luke 13:34, 35)
37“O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing!
38See! Your house is left to you desolate;
39for I say to you, you shall see Me no more till you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ”