1The vision1:1 Pr 29:18; Dn 8:1; Ob 1; Nah 1:1; Hab 2:2–3 concerning Judah and Jerusalem that Isaiah1:1 Is 2:1; 13:1 son of Amoz saw during the reigns1:1 ca 792–686 BC of Kings Uzziah,1:1 2Ch 26:3–5 Jotham,1:1 2Kg 15:32–38 Ahaz,1:1 2Kg 16:1–4 and Hezekiah1:1 2Kg 18:1–8 of Judah.1:1 Hs 1:1; Mc 1:1
Judah on Trial
2Listen, heavens, and pay attention, earth,1:2 Dt 4:26; 32:1; Is 30:1; Mc 1:2
for the Lord has spoken:
“I have raised children1:2 Or sons, also in v. 4 and brought them up,
but they have rebelled against me.1:2 Is 30:1
3The ox knows its owner,
and the donkey its master’s feeding trough,
but Israel does not know;
my people do not understand.”1:3 Jr 8:7

4Oh sinful nation,
people weighed down with iniquity,1:4 Is 13:11
brood of evildoers,1:4 Is 14:20; Mt 3:7
depraved children!
They have abandoned1:4 Dt 4:31 the Lord;
they have despised1:4 Nm 14:11; Dt 31:20; Pr 5:12; Is 5:24 the Holy One of Israel;1:4 Is 5:19,24; 10:20; 12:6; 29:19; 30:11–15
they have turned their backs on him.

5Why do you want more beatings?
Why do you keep on rebelling?
The whole head is hurt,
and the whole heart is sick.
6From the sole of the foot even to the head,1:6 Jb 2:7
no spot is uninjured1:6 Ps 38:3 —
wounds, welts, and festering sores
not cleansed, bandaged,
or soothed with oil.

7Your land is desolate,
your cities burned down;1:7 Lv 26:33; Dt 28:51–52; Is 6:11–12; Jr 44:6
foreigners devour your fields
right in front of you —
a desolation, like a place demolished by foreigners.
8Daughter Zion1:8 Is 10:32; 37:22; Zch 2:10; 9:9 is abandoned
like a shelter in a vineyard,
like a shack in a cucumber field,
like a besieged city.
9If the Lord of Armies1:9 1Sm 17:45
had not left us a few survivors,1:9 Is 10:21–22
we would be like Sodom,
we would resemble Gomorrah.1:9 Gn 19:24–25; Is 3:9; 13:19; Rm 9:29

10Hear the word of the Lord,1:10 Is 28:14
you rulers of Sodom!
Listen to the instruction of our God,
you people of Gomorrah!1:10 Is 3:9; Ezk 16:46–49,55; Rv 11:8
11“What are all your sacrifices to me?”
asks the Lord.
“I have had enough of burnt offerings and rams
and the fat of well-fed cattle;
I have no desire for the blood of bulls,
lambs, or male goats.1:11 1Sm 15:22; Jr 6:20; Hs 6:6; Am 5:21–24; Mt 23:23; Mk 12:33
12When you come to appear before me,
who requires this from you —
this trampling of my courts?
13Stop bringing useless offerings.1:13 Mal 1:10
Your incense is detestable to me.
New Moons and Sabbaths,1:13 Nm 28:11; 1Ch 23:31
and the calling of solemn assemblies1:13 Ex 12:16; Lv 23:36 —
I cannot stand iniquity1:13 Is 13:11 with a festival.
14I hate your New Moons and prescribed festivals.
They have become a burden to me;
I am tired of putting up with them.
15When you spread out your hands in prayer,1:15 1Kg 8:22
I will refuse to look at you;
even if you offer countless prayers,
I will not listen.1:15 Is 59:2; Jr 7:16; Ezk 8:18; Am 5:23; Hab 1:2; Zch 7:13
Your hands are covered with blood.1:15 Pr 1:28; Is 59:1–3; Mc 3:4
Purification of Jerusalem
16“Wash yourselves. Cleanse yourselves.1:16 Ps 26:6; Is 4:4; 52:11
Remove your evil deeds from my sight.
Stop doing evil.1:16 Jr 25:5
17Learn to do what is good.
Correct the oppressor.1:17 Or Aid the oppressed
Defend the rights of the fatherless.
Plead the widow’s cause.

18“Come, let’s settle this,”1:18 Is 41:1,21; 43:26; Mc 6:2
says the Lord.
“Though your sins are scarlet,
they will be as white as snow;1:18 Ps 51:7; Is 43:25; 44:22; Rv 7:14
though they are crimson red,
they will be like wool.
19If you are willing and obedient,
you will eat the good things of the land.1:19–20 Dt 30:15–20
20But if you refuse and rebel,
you will be devoured by the sword.”1:20 Jr 12:12
For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.1:20 Is 24:3; 40:5; 58:14; Mc 4:4

21The faithful town —
what an adulteress1:21 Or prostitute she has become!
She was once full of justice.
Righteousness once dwelt in her,
but now, murderers!
22Your silver has become dross to be discarded,
your beer1:22 Or wine is diluted with water.
23Your rulers are rebels,
friends of thieves.1:23 Hs 5:10
They all love graft
and chase after bribes.1:23 Ex 23:8; Mc 7:2–6
They do not defend the rights of the fatherless,
and the widow’s case never comes before them.1:23 Ex 22:22; Dt 24:17; Is 10:2; Jr 5:28; Ezk 22:7; Zch 7:10

24Therefore the Lord God of Armies,
the Mighty One of Israel, declares:
“Ah, I will get even with my foes;
I will take revenge against my enemies.1:24 Is 35:4; 59:18; Jr 46:10
25I will turn my hand against you1:25 Ps 81:14; Is 5:25; Am 1:8
and will burn away your dross completely;1:25 Lit dross as with lye
I will remove all your impurities.1:25 Ezk 22:20; Mal 3:3
26I will restore your judges1:26 Is 60:17; Mt 19:28 to what they were at first,
and your advisers to what they were at the start.
Afterward you will be called the Righteous City,1:26 Is 33:5; 60:14; 62:1–2; Zch 8:3
a Faithful Town.”

27Zion will be redeemed by justice,
those who repent, by righteousness.1:27 Rm 3:26
28At the same time both rebels and sinners will be broken,
and those who abandon the Lord will perish.
29Indeed, they1:29 Some Hb mss; other Hb mss, Tg read you will be ashamed of the sacred trees
you desired,1:29 Is 2:8; 57:5; Hs 4:13
and you will be embarrassed because of the garden shrines
you have chosen.1:29 Is 65:3; 66:17
30For you will become like an oak
whose leaves are withered,
and like a garden without water.1:30 Ps 1:3; Is 64:6
31The strong one will become tinder,
and his work a spark;
both will burn together,1:31 Is 5:24; 9:19; 26:11; 33:11–14
with no one to extinguish the flames.1:31 Is 66:24; Mt 3:12; Mk 9:43