Civil War
1During the long war between the house of Saul and the house of David,3:1 1Sm 20:16; 1Kg 12:19; 2Ch 21:7; Ps 122:5; Is 22:22; Zch 12:8,10; 13:1; Lk 1:27 David was growing stronger3:1 Jb 17:9 and the house of Saul was becoming weaker.
2Sons were born to David in Hebron:
His firstborn was Amnon,3:2 2Sm 13:1–29
by Ahinoam3:2 1Sm 25:42–43 the Jezreelite;
3his second was Chileab,
by Abigail,3:3 1Sm 25:3–42 the widow of Nabal the Carmelite;
the third was Absalom,3:3 2Sm 13:34; 14:23–25,33; 15:6,10–14; 18:9–12,33
son of Maacah the daughter of King Talmai of Geshur;3:3 1Sm 27:8; 2Sm 13:37–38; 14:32; 15:8
4the fourth was Adonijah,3:4 1Kg 1:5
son of Haggith;
the fifth was Shephatiah,
son of Abital;
5the sixth was Ithream,
by David’s wife Eglah.
These were born to David in Hebron.3:5 1Ch 3:1–5
6During the war between the house of Saul and the house of David, Abner kept acquiring more power in the house of Saul.3:6 2Sm 2:8–9
7Now Saul had a concubine whose name was Rizpah3:7 2Sm 21:8–10 daughter of Aiah, and Ish-bosheth questioned Abner, “Why did you sleep with my father’s concubine?”
8Abner was very angry about Ish-bosheth’s accusation. “Am I a dog’s head3:8 = a despised person3:8 Ex 22:31; 1Sm 17:43; 24:14; 2Sm 9:8; 16:9 who belongs to Judah?” he asked. “All this time I’ve been loyal to the family of your father Saul, to his brothers, and to his friends and haven’t betrayed you to David, but now you accuse me of wrongdoing with this woman!
9May God punish Abner and do so severely if I don’t do for David what the Lord swore to him:
10to transfer the kingdom from the house of Saul and establish the throne of David over Israel and Judah3:10 1Sm 15:28; 16:1–13; 28:17; 1Ch 12:23 from Dan to Beer-sheba.”
11Ish-bosheth did not dare respond to Abner because he was afraid of him.
12Abner sent messengers as his representatives to say to David, “Whose land is it? Make your covenant with me, and you can be certain I am on your side to turn all Israel over to you.”
13David replied, “Good, I will make a covenant with you. However, there’s one thing I require of you: You will not see my face unless you first bring Saul’s daughter Michal3:13 1Sm 14:49 when you come to see me.”
14Then David sent messengers to say to Ish-bosheth son of Saul, “Give me back my wife Michal. I was engaged to her for the price of a hundred Philistine foreskins.”3:14 1Sm 18:20–27
15So Ish-bosheth sent someone to take her away from her husband, Paltiel son of Laish.3:15 1Sm 25:44
16Her husband followed her, weeping all the way to Bahurim. Abner said to him, “Go back.” So he went back.
The Assassination of Abner
17Abner conferred with the elders of Israel: “In the past you wanted David to be king over you.
18Now take action, because the Lord has spoken concerning David: ‘Through my servant David I will save my people Israel from the power of the Philistines and the power of all Israel’s enemies.’”
19Abner also informed the Benjaminites and went to Hebron to inform David about all that was agreed on by Israel and the whole house of Benjamin.3:19 1Ch 12:29
20When Abner and twenty men came to David at Hebron, David held a banquet for him and his men.
21Abner said to David, “Let me now go and I will gather all Israel to my lord the king. They will make a covenant with you,3:21 2Sm 3:12 and you will reign over all you desire.” So David dismissed Abner, and he went in peace.
22Just then David’s soldiers and Joab returned from a raid and brought a large amount of plundered goods with them. Abner was not with David in Hebron because David had dismissed him, and he had gone in peace.
23When Joab and his whole army arrived, Joab was informed, “Abner son of Ner came to see the king, the king dismissed him, and he went in peace.”
24Joab went to the king and said, “What have you done? Look here, Abner came to you. Why did you dismiss him? Now he’s getting away.
25You know that Abner son of Ner came to deceive you and to find out about your military activities3:25 Lit your going out and your coming in and everything you’re doing.”
26Then Joab left David and sent messengers after Abner. They brought him back from the well3:26 Or cistern of Sirah, but David was unaware of it.
27When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab pulled him aside to the middle of the city gate, as if to speak to him privately, and there Joab stabbed him in the stomach. So Abner died in revenge for the death of Asahel,3:27 Lit And he died for the blood of Asahel Joab’s brother.3:27 2Sm 2:23; 1Kg 2:5,32
28David heard about it later and said, “I and my kingdom are forever innocent before the Lord concerning the blood of Abner son of Ner.
29May it hang over Joab’s head and his father’s whole family, and may the house of Joab never be without someone who has a discharge or a skin disease,3:29 Lv 14:2–8 or a man who can only work a spindle,3:29 LXX reads who uses a crutch or someone who falls by the sword or starves.”
30Joab and his brother Abishai killed Abner because he had put their brother Asahel to death in the battle at Gibeon.3:30 2Sm 2:23
31David then ordered Joab and all the people who were with him, “Tear your clothes, put on sackcloth,3:31 Gn 37:34; Jos 7:6 and mourn over Abner.” And King David walked behind the coffin.3:31 Or the bier; lit the bed
32When they buried Abner in Hebron, the king wept aloud at Abner’s tomb. All the people wept,
33and the king sang a lament for Abner:3:33 2Sm 1:17; 2Ch 35:25
Should Abner die as a fool dies?
34Your hands were not bound,
your feet not placed in bronze shackles.
You fell like one who falls victim to criminals.
And all the people wept over him even more.
35Then they came to urge David to eat food while it was still day, but David took an oath: “May God punish me and do so severely if I taste bread or anything else before sunset!” 3:35 2Sm 12:17
36All the people took note of this, and it pleased them. In fact, everything the king did pleased them.
37On that day all the troops and all Israel were convinced that the king had no part in the killing of Abner son of Ner.
38Then the king said to his soldiers, “You must know that a great leader has fallen in Israel today.
39As for me, even though I am the anointed king, I have little power today. These men, the sons of Zeruiah, are too fierce for me.3:39 2Sm 16:10; 19:22 May the Lord repay the evildoer according to his evil!” 3:39 Ps 28:4; 2Tm 4:14