1The revelation of1:1 Or Revelation of, or A revelation of Jesus Christ that God gave him to show his servants1:1 Ac 2:18; Rm 6:19; 1Pt 2:16; Rv 22:6 what must soon take place.1:1 Dn 2:28–29,45; Rv 22:6 He made it known by sending his angel1:1 Gn 24:7; Mt 1:24; Ac 12:11 to his servant John,1:1 Jn 21:7; Rv 22:8
2who testified to the word of God and to the testimony1:2 Or witness of Jesus Christ,1:2 1Co 1:6; Rv 12:17; 19:10; 20:4 whatever he saw.1:2 Or as many as he saw
3Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy,1:3 Rv 14:13; 16:15; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7,14 and blessed are those who hear the words of this prophecy and keep1:3 Or follow, or obey what is written in it, because the time is near.
4John: To the seven churches in Asia. Grace and peace1:4 Ti 1:4 to you from1:4 Other mss add God the one who is, who was, and who is to come,1:4 Rv 1:8,17; 4:8; 16:5 and from the seven spirits1:4 Or the sevenfold Spirit1:4 Rv 3:1; 4:5; 5:6 before his throne,
5and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness,1:5 Ps 89:37; Jn 18:37; Rv 2:13; 3:14 the firstborn from the dead1:5 Ps 89:27; Ac 26:23; Rm 8:29; 1Co 15:20–23; Col 1:18 and the ruler of the kings of the earth.1:5 Ps 89:27; Rv 17:14; 19:16
To him who loves us and has set us free1:5 Other mss read has washed us from our sins by his blood,1:5 Dt 7:8; Rm 8:2
6and made us a kingdom,1:6 Other mss read kings and priests1:6 Or made us into (or to be) a kingdom of priests; Ex 19:61:6 Ex 19:6; 1Pt 2:9; Rv 5:10; 20:6 to his God and Father — to him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.1:6 Rm 11:36; 1Pt 4:11; Jd 25; Rv 7:12
7 Look, he is coming with the clouds, 1:7 Is 19:1; Zch 12:10; Jn 19:34–37
and every eye will see him,
even those who pierced him.
And all the tribes 1:7 Or peoples of the earth1:7 Gn 12:3; 28:14; Zch 14:171:7 Gn 12:3; 28:14; Zch 14:17
will mourn over him. 1:7 Or will wail because of him 1:7 Dn 7:13; Zch 12:10 1:7 Dn 7:13; Zch 12:10
So it is to be. Amen.
8“I am the Alpha and the Omega,”1:8 Is 44:6; Rv 21:6; 22:13 says the Lord God, “the one who is, who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.”
John’s Vision of the Risen Lord
9I, John, your brother and partner in the affliction,1:9 Jn 16:33; Ac 14:22; Rm 5:3; 2Tm 2:12; Rv 2:9 kingdom,1:9 Mt 25:34; Jms 2:5 and endurance1:9 Rm 5:3–4; 8:25; 15:4; Col 1:11; 2Th 1:4; Heb 10:36; 12:1; Jms 1:3–4; Rv 2:3; 3:10; 13:10; 14:12 that are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus.1:9 Rv 1:2; 6:9; 12:17; 19:10; 20:4
10I was in the Spirit1:10 Or in spirit; lit I became in the Spirit1:10 1Kg 18:12; Ezk 3:12; 2Co 12:2; Rv 4:2; 17:3; 21:10 on the Lord’s day, and I heard a loud voice behind me like a trumpet1:10 Ex 19:16,19; 20:18; Ps 47:5
11saying, “Write1:11 Ex 34:27; Dt 31:19; Is 8:1; 30:8; Jr 30:2; 36:2,28; Hab 2:2; Rv 2:1,8,12,18; 3:1,7,14; 14:3; 19:9; 21:5 on a scroll1:11 Or book what you see and send it to the seven churches: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.”
12Then I turned to see whose voice1:12 Ex 20:18 it was that spoke to me. When I turned I saw seven golden lampstands,1:12 Ex 25:37; 37:23; 2Ch 4:20; Zch 4:2
13and among the lampstands was one like the Son of Man,1:13 Or like a son of man1:13 Dn 7:13; 10:16; Rv 14:14 dressed in a robe1:13 Dn 10:5 and with a golden sash wrapped around his chest.1:13 Rv 15:6
14The hair of his head was white as wool — white as snow1:14 Is 1:18; Dn 7:9 — and his eyes like a fiery flame.1:14 Dn 10:6; Rv 2:18; 19:12
15His feet were like fine bronze as it is fired in a furnace,1:15 Ezk 1:7; Dn 10:6; Rv 2:18 and his voice like the sound of cascading1:15 Lit many waters.1:15 Ezk 1:24; 43:2; Rv 14:2; 19:6
16He had seven stars in his right hand; a sharp double-edged sword came from his mouth,1:16 Is 49:2; Heb 4:12; Rv 2:12,16; 19:15 and his face was shining like the sun at full strength.1:16 Mt 17:2; Rv 10:1
17When I saw him, I fell at his feet like a dead man.1:17 Gn 17:3; Jdg 6:22–23; 13:20; Jb 42:5–6; Is 6:5; Ezk 1:28; Dn 8:17; Mt 17:6; Lk 1:12; 5:8 He laid his right hand on me and said, “Don’t be afraid. I am the First and the Last,1:17 Is 41:4; 44:6; 48:12; Rv 2:8; 22:13
18and the Living One.1:18 Mt 16:16; 26:63; Jn 6:57; Rv 4:10; 10:6 I was dead, but look — I am alive forever and ever,1:18 Rm 6:9; 14:9; Rv 2:8; 10:6 and I hold the keys1:18 Mt 16:19 of death and Hades.
19Therefore write what you have seen,1:19 Ex 17:14; 34:27; Dt 31:19; Jr 30:2; Hab 2:2 what is, and what will take place after this.
20The mystery1:20 Mt 13:35; Rm 16:25 of the seven stars you saw in my right hand and of the seven golden lampstands is this: The seven stars are the angels1:20 Or messengers of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands1:20 Other mss add that you saw are the seven churches.1:20 Mt 5:14–15

The Letters to the Seven Churches