Jesus Faces Pilate
1Then Mt 27:1,11-14; Mk 15:1-5; Jn 18:28-38 their whole assembly rose up and brought Him before Pilate.
2They began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this man subverting our nation, opposing payment of taxes Lk 20:22-25 to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is the Messiah, a King.”
3So Pilate asked Him, Mt 27:11; Mk 15:2 “Are You the King of the Jews? ” Mt 2:2; Lk 23:37-38; Jn 18:39; 19:3
He answered him, “You have said it.” Or That is true ; an affirmative oath
4Pilate then told the chief priests and the crowds, “I find no grounds Mt 27:24; Lk 23:14,22; Jn 19:4,6; 1Pt 2:22 for charging this man.”
5But they kept insisting, “He stirs up the people, Ac 17:5-8,13 teaching throughout all Judea, from Galilee Mt 4:12,23; Lk 4:14; Jn 1:43; 2:11 where He started even to here.”
Jesus Faces Herod Antipas
6When Pilate 1Tm 6:13 heard this, Other mss read heard “Galilee” he asked if the man was a Galilean.
7Finding that He was under Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, Lk 3:1; 9:7-9; 13:31 who was also in Jerusalem during those days.
8Herod was very glad to see Jesus; for a long time he had wanted to see Him because he had heard about Him and was hoping to see some miracle Or sign performed by Him.
9So he kept asking Him questions, but Jesus did not answer him. Is 53:7; Mt 27:12,14; Mk 15:4-5; Jn 19:9
10The chief priests and the scribes stood by, vehemently accusing Him.
11Then Herod, with his soldiers, treated Him with contempt, mocked Is 53:3; Mk 9:12; Lk 18:32; Ac 4:11 Him, dressed Him in a brilliant robe, Mt 27:28; Mk 15:17 and sent Him back to Pilate.
12That very day Herod and Pilate became friends. Lit friends with one another Ps 2:2; Ac 4:27 Previously, they had been hostile toward each other.
Jesus or Barabbas
13Pilate called together the chief priests, the leaders, and the people, Lk 23:35; 24:20; Jn 7:26,48; 12:42
14and said to them, “You have brought me this man as one who subverts the people. Lk 23:2 But in fact, after examining Him in your presence, I have found no grounds Lk 23:4 to charge this man with those things you accuse Him of.
15Neither has Herod, because he sent Him back to us. Clearly, He has done nothing to deserve death.
16Therefore, I will have Him whipped Gk paideuo; to discipline or “teach a lesson”; 1Kg 12:11,14 LXX; 2Ch 10:11,14; perhaps a way of referring to the Roman scourging; Lat flagellatio Jn 19:1; Ac 5:40 and then release Him.”
17For according to the festival he had to release someone to them. Other mss omit bracketed text Mt 27:15; Mk 15:6; Jn 18:39
18Then Mt 27:15-23; Mk 15:6-14; Jn 18:40 they all cried out together, “Take this man away! Ac 21:36; 22:22 Release Barabbas to us! ”
19(He had been thrown into prison for a rebellion that had taken place in the city, and for murder.)
20Pilate, wanting to release Jesus, Ac 3:13-14 addressed them again,
21but they kept shouting, “Crucify! Crucify Him! ”
22A third time he said to them, “Why? What has this man done wrong? Jn 8:46 I have found in Him no grounds Lk 23:4 for the death penalty. Therefore, I will have Him whipped and then release Him.”
23But they kept up the pressure, demanding with loud voices that He be crucified. And their voices Other mss add and those of the chief priests won out.
24So Mt 27:24-26; Mk 15:15; Jn 19:16 Pilate decided to grant their demand Php 4:6
25and released the one they were asking for, who had been thrown into prison for rebellion and murder. But he handed Jesus over to their will. Lk 24:20; Ac 4:24-28
The Way to the Cross
26As Mt 27:31-32; Mk 15:20-21; Jn 19:17 they led Him away, they seized Simon, a Cyrenian, Rm 16:3 who was coming in from the country, and laid the cross Lk 9:23; 14:27 on him to carry behind Jesus.
27A large crowd of people followed Him, including women who were mourning and lamenting Him. Lk 8:52; Ac 8:2; Rv 1:7; 18:9
28But turning to them, Jesus said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, Sg 1:5; 2:7 do not weep for Me, but weep for yourselves and your children.
29Look, the days are coming Lk 17:22 when they will say, ‘The women without children, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed, are fortunate! ’ Mt 24:19; Mk 13:17; Lk 11:27; 21:23
30Then they will begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us! ’ and to the hills, ‘Cover us! ’ Hs 10:8 Hs 10:8
31For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry? ” Ezk 20:47; Lk 19:41
Crucified between Two Criminals
32Two others — criminals Is 53:12; Mt 27:38; Mk 15:27; Lk 22:37; Jn 19:18 — were also led away to be executed with Him.
33When Mt 27:33-38; Mk 15:22-27; Jn 19:17-24 they arrived at the place called The Skull, they crucified Him there, along with the criminals, one on the right and one on the left.
34Then Jesus said, “Father, Mt 5:16; 6:1; 11:27; Jn 8:42 forgive Mt 11:25; Lk 6:29,35; 22:42 them, because they do not know what they are doing.” Ac 3:17; 1Co 2:6-8 Other mss omit bracketed text And they divided His clothes and cast lots. Ps 22:18
35The Mt 27:43,48; Mk 15:26,29-32; Jn 19:19,29 people stood watching, and even the leaders kept scoffing: Ps 22:7,17; Lk 16:14; 23:13 “He saved others; let Him save Himself if this is God’s Messiah, the Chosen One! ” Is 42:1; Mt 1:17; 12:18; Lk 9:20,35; 1Pt 2:4
36The soldiers also mocked Him. They came offering Him sour wine Ps 69:21
37and said, “If You are the King of the Jews, Lk 23:3 save Yourself! ”
38An inscription was above Him: Other mss add written in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew letters
39Then Mt 27:44; Mk 15:32 one of the criminals hanging there began to yell insults at Or began to blaspheme Him: “Aren’t You the Messiah? Save Yourself and us! ”
40But the other answered, rebuking him: “Don’t you even fear God, Ps 147:11; Pr 1:7; Ac 10:2; Rv 14:7 since you are undergoing the same punishment?
41We are punished justly, because we’re getting back what we deserve for the things we did, but this man has done nothing wrong.” Lk 23:4
42Then he said, “Jesus, remember me Other mss add Lord Jdg 16:28; 1Sm 25:31; Neh 5:19; Jb 14:13; Ps 106:4 when You come into Your kingdom! ” Mk 8:38; Ac 20:25
43And He said to him, “I assure you: Today you will be with Me in paradise.” 2Co 12:4; Rv 2:7
The Death of Jesus
44It Mt 27:45-56; Mk 15:33-41 was now about noon, Lit about the sixth hour and darkness came over the whole land Or whole earth until three, Lit the ninth hour
45because the sun’s light failed. Other mss read three, and the sun was darkened The curtain Ex 26:31-33; Heb 6:19 of the sanctuary was split down the middle.
46And Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into Your hands I entrust My spirit.” Ps 31:5; Is 53:12; Jn 19:30; 1Co 15:55; 1Pt 4:19 Ps 31:5 Saying this, He breathed His last.
47When the centurion saw what happened, he began to glorify Lk 13:13 God, saying, “This man really was righteous! ”
48All the crowds that had gathered for this spectacle, when they saw what had taken place, went home, striking their chests. = mourning Lk 18:13
49But Mt 27:55-56; Mk 15:40-41; Jn 19:25 all who knew Him, including the women who had followed Him from Galilee, stood at a distance, Ps 38:11; 88:8 watching these things.
The Burial of Jesus
50There Mt 27:57-61; Mk 15:42-47; Jn 19:38-42 was a good and righteous man named Joseph, a member of the Sanhedrin,
51who had not agreed with their plan Ac 2:23 and action. He was from Arimathea, a Judean town, and was looking forward to the kingdom of God. Lk 2:25,38
52He approached Pilate and asked for Jesus’ body.
53Taking it down, he wrapped it in fine linen and placed it in a tomb cut into the rock, where no one had ever been placed. Or interred, or laid Is 53:9; Mk 11:2
54It was preparation day, and the Sabbath was about to begin. Lit was dawning ; not in the morning but at sundown Friday
55The women Lk 1:42 who had come with Him from Galilee followed along and observed the tomb and how His body was placed.
56Then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. Mk 16:1; Lk 24:1 And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment. Ex 20:10; Dt 5:14