Wisdom, Authorities, and Inequities
2Keep8:2 Some Hb mss, LXX, Vg, Tg, Syr; other Hb mss read As for me, keep the king’s command because of your oath made before God.8:2 Ex 22:11; 2Sm 21:7; Ezk 17:18
3Do not be in a hurry; leave his presence,8:3 Ec 10:4 and don’t persist in a bad cause, since he will do whatever he wants.
4For the king’s word is authoritative, and who can say to him, “What are you doing?” 8:4 Jb 9:12; Dn 4:35
5The one who keeps a command will not experience anything harmful,8:5 Rm 13:3 and a wise heart knows the right time and procedure.
6For every activity there is a right time and procedure,8:6 Ec 3:1,17 even though a person’s troubles are heavy on him.
7Yet no one knows what will happen8:7 Ec 3:22; 6:12; 9:12; 10:14 because who can tell him what will happen?
8No one has authority over the wind8:8 Or life-breath to restrain it,8:8 Ps 148:8; Pr 30:4; Mk 4:39 and there is no authority over the day of death;8:8 Jn 10:18; 2Tm 1:10 no one is discharged during battle, and wickedness will not allow those who practice it to escape.
9All this I have seen, applying my mind to all the work that is done under the sun, at a time when one person has authority over another to his harm.
10In such circumstances, I saw the wicked buried. They came and went from the holy place,8:10 Ec 9:5 and they were praised8:10 Some Hb mss, LXX, Aq, Theod, Sym; other Hb mss read forgotten in the city where they did those things. This too is futile.
11Because the sentence against an evil act is not carried out quickly,8:11 Rm 2:4; 2Pt 3:9 the heart of people is filled with the desire to commit evil.
12Although a sinner does evil a hundred times and prolongs his life,8:12 Ec 7:15 I also know that it will go well with God-fearing people,8:12 Dt 12:25; Ps 37:11; Pr 1:33; Is 3:10 for they are reverent before him.
14There is a futility that is done on the earth: there are righteous people who get what the actions of the wicked deserve,8:14 Ec 7:15 and there are wicked people who get what the actions of the righteous deserve.8:14 Jb 21:7; Ps 73:3; Jr 12:1 I say that this too is futile.
16When I applied my mind to know wisdom8:16 Ec 1:13–14 and to observe the activity that is done on the earth (even though one’s eyes do not close in sleep day or night),
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