The Messiah’s Herald
1In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, while Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea,3:1 Mt 27:2; Lk 13:1; 23:1–24,52; Ac 3:13; 4:27; 13:28; 1Tm 6:13 Herod was tetrarch3:1 Or ruler of Galilee,3:1 Mt 14:1 his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Iturea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,
2during the high priesthood of Annas3:2 Jn 18:13,24; Ac 4:6 and Caiaphas,3:2 Mt 26:3 God’s word came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness.3:2–10 Mt 3:1–10; Mk 1:3–5
3He went into all the vicinity of the Jordan,3:3 Mt 3:5 proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins,3:3 Mk 1:4; Ac 2:38
4as it is written in the book of the words of the prophet Isaiah:
A voice of one crying out in the wilderness:
Prepare the way for the Lord;
make his paths straight!
5 Every valley will be filled,
and every mountain and hill will be made low; 3:5 Lit be humbled
the crooked will become straight,
the rough ways smooth,
6 and everyone will see the salvation of God. 3:4–6 Is 40:3–5 3:4–6 Is 40:3–5
7He then said to the crowds who came out to be baptized by him, “Brood of vipers!3:7 Mt 12:34; 23:33 Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?3:7 Lk 3:7; Eph 5:6; Col 3:6; 1Th 1:10; Rv 6:17; 11:18
8Therefore produce fruit3:8 Lk 3:8; Jn 15:2,4,16 consistent with repentance. And don’t start saying to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father,’3:8 Jn 8:33 for I tell you that God is able to raise up children for Abraham from these stones.
9The ax is already at the root of the trees. Therefore, every tree that doesn’t produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.”3:9 Mt 3:10; 7:19; Lk 13:6–9
10“What then should we do?” 3:10 Ac 2:37–38 the crowds were asking him.
11He replied to them, “The one who has two shirts must share with someone who has none, and the one who has food must do the same.”3:11 Is 58:7
12Tax collectors3:12 Lk 5:29–30; 7:29,34; 15:1 also came to be baptized, and they asked him, “Teacher, what should we do?” 3:12 Mt 9:10–11; 21:31–32; Lk 5:29–30; 7:29; 15:1
13He told them, “Don’t collect any more than what you have been authorized.”
14Some soldiers also questioned him, “What should we do?”
He said to them, “Don’t take money from anyone by force or false accusation, and be satisfied with your wages.”
15Now the people were waiting expectantly, and all of them were questioning in their hearts whether John might be the Messiah.3:15 Jn 1:19–20
16John answered them all,3:16–17 Mt 3:11–12; Mk 1:7–8 “I baptize you with water, but one who is more powerful than I am is coming. I am not worthy to untie the strap of his sandals. He will baptize you with3:16 Or in the Holy Spirit and fire.
17His winnowing shovel3:17 Is 30:24 is in his hand to clear his threshing floor and gather the wheat into his barn,3:17 Mt 13:29–30 but the chaff he will burn with fire that never goes out.”3:17 Mk 9:43,48
18Then, along with many other exhortations, he proclaimed good news to the people.
19But when John rebuked Herod the tetrarch3:19 Mt 14:3; Mk 6:17 because of Herodias, his brother’s wife, and all the evil things he had done,3:19 Mt 14:1; Lk 3:1
20Herod added this to everything else — he locked up John in prison.3:20 Jn 3:24
The Baptism of Jesus
21When all the people were baptized,3:21–22 Mt 3:13–17; Mk 1:9–11 Jesus also was baptized. As he was praying,3:21 Mt 14:23; Lk 5:16; 9:18,28–29 heaven opened,3:21 Jn 1:51; Ac 7:55; 10:11; Rv 19:11
22and the Holy Spirit descended on him in a physical appearance like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well-pleased.”3:22 Ps 2:7; Is 42:1; Mt 3:17; 17:5; Mk 1:11; Lk 9:35; 2Pt 1:17
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
23As he began his ministry, Jesus was about thirty years old and was thought to be the
son of Joseph,3:23 Mt 1:16 son of Heli,
24son of Matthat, son of Levi,
son of Melchi, son of Jannai,
son of Joseph,
25son of Mattathias,
son of Amos, son of Nahum,
son of Esli, son of Naggai,
26son of Maath, son of Mattathias,
son of Semein, son of Josech,
son of Joda,
27son of Joanan,
son of Rhesa, son of Zerubbabel,3:27 Hg 1:1,12,14; 2:4,21,23; Mt 1:12
son of Shealtiel, son of Neri,
28son of Melchi, son of Addi,
son of Cosam, son of Elmadam,
son of Er,
29son of Joshua,
son of Eliezer, son of Jorim,
son of Matthat, son of Levi,
30son of Simeon, son of Judah,
son of Joseph, son of Jonam,
son of Eliakim,
31son of Melea,
son of Menna, son of Mattatha,
son of Nathan, son of David,
32son of Jesse,3:32–34 Mt 1:1–6 son of Obed,3:32 Ru 4:17,21–22
son of Boaz, son of Salmon,3:32 Other mss read Sala
son of Nahshon,
33son of Amminadab,
son of Ram,3:33 Other mss read Amminadab, son of Aram, son of Joram; other mss read Amminadab, son of Admin, son of Arni son of Hezron,
son of Perez,3:33 Gn 38:29; 46:12 son of Judah,
34son of Jacob, son of Isaac,
son of Abraham,3:34–36 Gn 11:26–30; 1Ch 1:24–27 son of Terah,
son of Nahor,
35son of Serug,
son of Reu, son of Peleg,3:35 Gn 10:25; 11:16–19
son of Eber, son of Shelah,
36son of Cainan,3:36 Some mss omit son of Cainan son of Arphaxad,
son of Shem, son of Noah,3:36–38 Gn 5:3–32; 1Ch 1:1–4
son of Lamech,
37son of Methuselah,
son of Enoch,3:37 Gn 5:21–26 son of Jared,
son of Mahalalel, son of Cainan,
38son of Enos, son of Seth,
son of Adam, son of God.