The Golden Calf
1Now when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, the people assembled around Aaron and said to him, “Come, make us Or godsa god who will go before us; for this Moses, the man who brought us up from the land of Egypt—we do not know what happened to him.”
2Aaron said to them, “Tear off the gold rings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.”
3So all the people tore off the gold rings which were in their ears and brought them to Aaron.
4Then he took the gold from their Lit handhands, and fashioned it with an engraving tool and made it into a cast metal calf; and they said, “Or These are your godsThis is your god, Israel, who brought you up from the land of Egypt.”
5Now when Aaron saw this, he built an altar in front of it; and Aaron made a proclamation and said, “Tomorrow shall be a feast to the Lord.”
6So the next day they got up early and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and got up to engage in lewd behavior.
7Then the Lord spoke to Moses, “Go Lit go downdown at once, for your people, whom you brought up from the land of Egypt, have behaved corruptly.
8They have quickly turned aside from the way which I commanded them. They have made for themselves a cast metal calf, and have worshiped it and have sacrificed to it and said, ‘Or These are your godsThis is your god, Israel, who brought you up from the land of Egypt!’ ”
9Then the Lord said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and behold, they are Or a stiff-neckedan obstinate people.
10So now leave Me alone, that My anger may burn against them and that I may destroy them; and I will make of you a great nation.”
Moses’ Plea
11Then Moses pleaded with the Lord his God, and said, “Lord, why does Your anger burn against Your people whom You have brought out from the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand?
12Why should the Egyptians talk, saying, ‘With evil motives He brought them out, to kill them on the mountains and to destroy them from the face of the earth’? Turn from Your burning anger and relent of doing harm to Your people.
13Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants to whom You swore by Yourself, and said to them, ‘I will multiply your Lit seeddescendants as the stars of the heavens, and all this land of which I have spoken I will give to your Lit seeddescendants, and they shall inherit it forever.’ ”
14So the Lord relented of the harm which He said He would do to His people.
15Then Moses turned and went down from the mountain with the two tablets of the testimony in his hand, tablets which were written on both Lit their sidessides; they were written on one side and the other.
16The tablets were God’s work, and the writing was God’s writing engraved on the tablets.
17Now when Joshua heard the sound of the people Lit in its shoutingas they shouted, he said to Moses, “There is a sound of war in the camp.”
18But he said,
“It is not the sound of the cry of victory,
Nor is it the sound of the cry of defeat;
But I hear the sound of singing.”
Moses’ Anger
19And it came about, as soon as Lit heMoses approached the camp, that he saw the calf and the people dancing; and Moses’ anger burned, and he threw the tablets from his hands and shattered them to pieces Lit beneathat the foot of the mountain.
20Then he took the calf which they had made and completely burned it with fire, and ground it to powder, and scattered it over the surface of the water and made the sons of Israel drink it.
21Then Moses said to Aaron, “What did this people do to you, that you have brought such a great sin upon them?”
22And Aaron said, “Do not let the anger of my lord burn; you know the people yourself, that they are Lit in evilprone to evil.
23For they said to me, ‘Make Or godsa god for us who will go before us; for this Moses, the man who brought us up from the land of Egypt—we do not know what happened to him.’
24So I said to them, ‘Whoever has any gold, let them tear it off.’ Then they gave it to me, and I threw it into the fire, and out came this calf.”
25Now when Moses saw that the people were Lit let looseout of control—for Aaron had let them Lit go looseget out of control to the point of being an object of ridicule among Lit those who rise against themtheir enemies—
26Moses then stood at the gate of the camp, and said, “Whoever is for the Lord, come to me!” And all the sons of Levi gathered together to him.
27And he said to them, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel says: ‘Every man of you put his sword on his thigh, and go back and forth from gate to gate in the camp, and kill every man his brother, and every man his friend, and every man his Or kinneighbor.’ ”
28So the sons of Levi did Lit according to Moses’ wordas Moses instructed, and about three thousand men of the people fell that day.
29Then Moses said, “Lit Fill your handDedicate yourselves today to the Lord—for every man has been against his son and against his brother—in order that He may bestow a blessing upon you today.”
30And on the next day Moses said to the people, “You yourselves have Lit sinnedcommitted a great sin; and now I am going up to the Lord; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.”
31Then Moses returned to the Lord and said, “Oh, this people has Lit sinnedcommitted a great sin, and they have made a god of gold for themselves!
32But now, if You will forgive their sin, very well; but if not, please wipe me out from Your book which You have written!”
33However, the Lord said to Moses, “Whoever has sinned against Me, I will wipe him out of My book.
34But go now, lead the people where I told you. Behold, My angel shall go before you; nevertheless on the day when I Lit visitpunish, I will Lit visit their sin upon thempunish them for their sin.”
35Then the Lord struck the people with a plague, because of what they did with the calf which Aaron had made.