A Christian’s Duties to the State
1Let everyone submit to the governing authorities,13:1 Ti 3:1; 1Pt 2:13 since there is no authority except from God,13:1 Dn 2:21; 4:17; Jn 19:1 and the authorities that exist are instituted by God.
2So then, the one who resists the authority is opposing God’s command, and those who oppose it will bring judgment on themselves.
3For rulers are not a terror13:3 1Pt 2:14 to good conduct, but to bad. Do you want to be unafraid of the one in authority? Do what is good, and you will have its approval.
4For it is God’s servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, because it does not carry the sword for no reason. For it is God’s servant, an avenger13:4 1Th 4:6 that brings wrath on the one who does wrong.
5Therefore, you must submit, not only because of wrath but also because of your conscience.13:5 1Pt 2:13,19
6And for this reason you pay taxes, since the authorities are God’s servants, continually attending to these tasks.13:6 Lit to this very thing
7Pay your obligations13:7 Mt 22:21 to everyone: taxes to those you owe taxes,13:7 Lk 20:22; 23:2 tolls to those you owe tolls, respect to those you owe respect,13:7 Mt 17:25 and honor to those you owe honor.
Love, Our Primary Duty
8Do not owe anyone anything, except to love one another, for the one who loves another has fulfilled the law.13:8 Mt 7:12; 22:39; Jn 13:34; Rm 12:10; Gl 5:14; Jms 2:8
9The commandments, Do not commit adultery; do not murder; do not steal;13:9 Other mss add do not bear false witness do not covet;13:9Ex 20:13–17; Dt 5:17–2113:9 Ex 20:13–17; Dt 5:17–21 and any other commandment, are summed up by this commandment: Love your neighbor as yourself.13:9Lv 19:1813:9 Lv 19:18; Mt 19:19
10Love does no wrong to a neighbor. Love, therefore, is the fulfillment of the law.
Put On Christ
11Besides this, since you know the time, it is already the hour13:11 1Co 7:29; 10:11; Jms 5:8; 1Pt 4:7; 2Pt 3:9,11; 1Jn 2:18; Rv 1:3; 22:10 for you13:11 Other mss read for us to wake up from sleep,13:11 Mk 13:37; 1Co 15:34; Eph 5:14; 1Th 5:6 because now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed.13:11 Ac 19:2; 1Co 3:5; 15:2
12The night is nearly over, and the day is near;13:12 Heb 10:25; 1Jn 2:8; Rv 1:3; 22:10 so let us discard the deeds of darkness13:12 Eph 5:11 and put on the armor of light.13:12 2Co 6:7; 10:4; Eph 6:11,13; 1Th 5:8
13Let us walk with decency,13:13 1Th 4:12 as in the daytime: not in carousing and drunkenness;13:13 Lk 21:34; Gl 5:21; Eph 5:18; 1Pt 4:3 not in sexual impurity and promiscuity; not in quarreling and jealousy.
14But put on the Lord Jesus Christ,13:14 Jb 29:14; Gl 3:27; Eph 4:24; Col 3:10,12 and make no provision for the flesh to gratify its desires.13:14 Gl 5:16; 1Pt 2:11