God’s Reasons for Punishing Israel
1Listen to this message that the Lord has spoken against you, Israelites, against the entire clan that I brought from the land of Egypt:3:1 Am 2:10
2I have known only you3:2 Ex 19:5–6; Dt 4:32–37
out of all the clans of the earth;
therefore, I will punish you for all your iniquities.3:2 Jr 14:10; Ezk 20:36; Dn 9:12
3Can two walk together3:3 Lv 26:23–24
without agreeing to meet?
4Does a lion roar3:4 Ps 104:21; Hs 5:14; 11:10 in the forest
when it has no prey?
Does a young lion growl from its lair
unless it has captured something?
5Does a bird land in a trap on the ground
if there is no bait for it?
Does a trap spring from the ground
when it has caught nothing?
6If a ram’s horn3:6 Jr 4:5,19,21; 6:1; Hs 5:8; Zph 1:16 is blown in a city,
aren’t people afraid?3:6 Nm 10:9; Jr 4:19; Jl 2:1
If a disaster3:6 Is 14:24–27; 45:7 occurs in a city,
hasn’t the Lord done it?3:6 Lm 3:37–39
7Indeed, the Lord God does nothing
without revealing his counsel
to his servants the prophets.3:7 Gn 18:17; Jr 23:18,22; Jnh 1:2
8A lion has roared;3:8 Am 1:2
who will not fear?
The Lord God has spoken;3:8 Jnh 1:1–3; 3:1–3
who will not prophesy?3:8 Jr 6:10–11; 20:9

9Proclaim on the citadels in Ashdod3:9 1Sm 5:1; Am 1:8
and on the citadels in the land of Egypt:
Assemble on the mountains of Samaria,3:9 Am 4:1; 6:1
and see the great turmoil in the city
and the acts of oppression within it.3:9 Am 5:11; 6:8
10The people are incapable of doing right3:10 Ps 14:4; Jr 4:22; Am 5:7; 6:12 —
this is the Lord’s declaration —
those who store up violence and destruction3:10 Hab 2:8–10; Zph 1:9; Zch 5:3–4
in their citadels.
11Therefore, the Lord God says:
An enemy3:11 Am 6:14 will surround the land;
he will destroy3:11 Am 2:14 your strongholds
and plunder your citadels.3:11 2Kg 17:5–6; 18:9–12
12The Lord says:
As the shepherd snatches two legs
or a piece of an ear
from the lion’s mouth,3:12 1Sm 17:34–37
so the Israelites who live in Samaria
will be rescued
with only the corner of a bed3:12 Ps 132:3
or the3:12 Or Israelites will be rescued, those who sit in Samaria on a corner of a bed or a cushion3:12 Hb obscure of a couch.3:12 LXX, Aq, Sym, Theod, Syr, Tg, Vg read or in Damascus3:12 Est 1:6; 7:8; Am 6:4

13Listen and testify3:13 Ezk 2:7 against the house of Jacob —
this is the declaration of the Lord God,
the God of Armies.
14I will punish the altars of Bethel3:14 Hs 10:5–8,14–15; Am 4:4; 5:5–6; 7:10,13
on the day I punish Israel for its crimes;
the horns of the altar3:14 Lv 8:15; 16:18–19; 1Kg 1:50–51; 2:28; Ps 118:27 will be cut off
and fall to the ground.3:14 Hs 10:1–2
15I will demolish the winter house3:15 Jr 36:22
and the summer house;3:15 Jdg 3:20
the houses inlaid with ivory3:15 1Kg 22:39; 2Ch 9:17; Am 6:4 will be destroyed,
and the great houses3:15 Am 2:5; 6:11 will come to an end.
This is the Lord’s declaration.