David’s Further Conquests
(2 Sam. 8:1–14)
1After this it came to pass that David 18:1 Lit. struckattacked the Philistines, subdued them, and took Gath and its towns from the hand of the Philistines.
2Then he 18:2 Lit. struckdefeated Moab, and the Moabites became David’s servants, and brought tribute.
3And David 18:3 Lit. struckdefeated 18:3 Heb. HadarezerHadadezer king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his power by the River Euphrates.
4David took from him one thousand chariots, 18:4 seven hundred, 2 Sam. 8:4seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand foot soldiers. Also David 18:4 crippledhamstrung all the chariot horses, except that he spared enough of them for one hundred chariots.
5When the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand of the Syrians.
6Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus; and the Syrians became David’s servants, and brought tribute. So the Lord preserved David wherever he went.
7And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
8Also from 18:8 Betah, 2 Sam. 8:8Tibhath and from 18:8 Berothai, 2 Sam. 8:8Chun, cities of 18:8 Heb. HadarezerHadadezer, David brought a large amount of bronze, with which Solomon made the bronze 18:8 Great laver or basinSea, the pillars, and the articles of bronze.
9Now when 18:9 Toi, 2 Sam. 8:9, 10Tou king of Hamath heard that David had 18:9 Lit. struckdefeated all the army of Hadadezer king of Zobah,
10he sent 18:10 Joram, 2 Sam. 8:10Hadoram his son to King David, to greet him and bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and 18:10 Lit. struckdefeated him (for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou); and Hadoram brought with him all kinds of articles of gold, silver, and bronze.
11King David also dedicated these to the Lord, along with the silver and gold that he had brought from all these nations—from Edom, from Moab, from the people of Ammon, from the Philistines, and from Amalek.
12Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah killed eighteen thousand 18:12 Syrians, 2 Sam. 8:13Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
13He also put garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became David’s servants. And the Lord preserved David wherever he went.
David’s Administration
(2 Sam. 8:15–18)
14So David reigned over all Israel, and administered judgment and justice to all his people.
15Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
16Zadok the son of Ahitub and 18:16 Ahimelech, 2 Sam. 8:17Abimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests; 18:16 Seraiah, 2 Sam. 8:17, or Shisha, 1 Kin. 4:3Shavsha was the scribe;
17Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were 18:17 Lit. at the hand of the kingchief ministers at the king’s side.