Our Apostle and High Priest
1Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the apostle and high priest of our confession.3:1 Rm 15:8; Php 3:14; Heb 2:11,17; 4:14–15
2He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was in all God’s household.
3For Jesus is considered worthy of more glory than Moses, just as the builder has more honor than the house.
4Now every house is built by someone, but the one who built everything is God.3:4 Eph 2:10; 3:9
5Moses was faithful as a servant3:5 Ex 14:31; Nm 12:7–8; Dt 18:19; 34:5; Jos 1:2,7,13,15; 11:12,15; 12:6; 1Kg 8:53,56; Mal 4:4 in all God’s household, as a testimony to what would be said in the future.
6But Christ was faithful as a Son over his household. And we are that household if we hold on to our confidence and the hope in which we boast.3:6 Other mss add firm to the end3:6 Mt 10:22; Rm 5:2; 11:22; 1Co 3:16; Heb 1:2
Warning against Unbelief
7Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says:
Today, if you hear his voice,
8 do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion,
on the day of testing in the wilderness,
9 where your ancestors tested me, tried me,
and saw my works
10for forty years.
Therefore I was provoked to anger with that generation
and said, “They always go astray in their hearts,
and they have not known my ways.”
11 So I swore in my anger,
“They will not enter my rest.” 3:7–11 Ps 95:7–11 3:7–11 Ps 95:7–11; Ac 7:36; Heb 4:3,5
12Watch out, brothers and sisters, so that there won’t be in any of you an evil, unbelieving heart that turns away3:12 Lk 8:13; Ac 15:38; 1Tm 4:1 from the living God.
13But encourage each other daily,3:13 1Th 2:12; 2Th 3:12; Heb 10:25 while it is still called today, so that none of you is hardened3:13 Ac 19:9; Rm 9:18; Heb 3:8,15; 4:7 by sin’s deception.3:13 Eph 4:22; Heb 10:24
14For we have become participants in Christ if we hold firmly until the end the reality3:14 Or confidence that we had at the start.3:14 1Co 15:2; Heb 3:6; 10:23; 11:1
15As it is said:
Today, if you hear his voice,
do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion. 3:15 Ps 95:7–8 3:15 Ps 95:7–8
16For who heard and rebelled? Wasn’t it all who came out of Egypt under Moses?3:16 Nm 14:2; Dt 1:35–38
17With whom was God angry for forty years? Wasn’t it with those who sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness?3:17 Nm 14:29; Ps 106:26
18And to whom did he swear that they would not enter his rest, if not to those who disobeyed?
19So we see that they were unable to enter because of unbelief.