The Ten Commandments
1Then God spoke all these words:
4Do not make an idol20:4 Lv 26:1; Dt 27:15 for yourself, whether in the shape of anything in the heavens above or on the earth below or in the waters under the earth.
5Do not bow in worship to them, and do not serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God,20:5 Ex 34:14; Dt 4:24; Is 44:15,19 bringing the consequences of the fathers’ iniquity on the children to the third and fourth generations20:5 Nm 14:18; Ps 79:8; Jr 32:18 of those who hate me,
10but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. You must not do any work — you, your son or daughter, your male or female servant, your livestock, or the resident alien who is within your city gates.20:10 Gn 2:2–3; Neh 13:16–19
11For the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and everything in them in six days; then he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and declared it holy.
The People’s Reaction
18All the people witnessed20:18 Lit saw the thunder and lightning, the sound of the ram’s horn, and the mountain surrounded by smoke. When the people saw it20:18 Sam, LXX, Syr, Tg, Vg read smoke. The people (or they) were afraid, they trembled and stood at a distance.20:18 Ex 19:18; Heb 12:18
20Moses responded to the people, “Don’t be afraid, for God has come to test you, so that you will fear him and will not20:20 Lit that the fear of him may be in you, and you do not sin.”20:20 Dt 13:3; Pr 16:6; Is 8:13
Moses Receives Additional Laws
22Then the Lord told Moses, “This is what you are to say to the Israelites: You have seen that I have spoken to you from heaven.20:22 Dt 4:36; Neh 9:13
24“Make an earthen altar for me, and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, your flocks and herds. I will come to you and bless you in every place where I cause my name to be remembered.20:24 Gn 12:2; Dt 12:5; 16:6,11; 1Kg 9:3; 2Ch 6:6
25If you make a stone altar for me, do not build it out of cut stones. If you use your chisel on it, you will defile it.20:25 Dt 27:5–6; Jos 8:31
26Do not go up to my altar on steps, so that your nakedness is not exposed on it.
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