The Ten Commandments
1Then God spoke all these words:
2I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the place of slavery.20:2 Ex 13:3; Hs 13:4
3Do not have other gods besides me.20:3 Dt 6:14; Jr 35:15
4Do not make an idol20:4 Lv 26:1; Dt 27:15 for yourself, whether in the shape of anything in the heavens above or on the earth below or in the waters under the earth.
5Do not bow in worship to them, and do not serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God,20:5 Ex 34:14; Dt 4:24; Is 44:15,19 bringing the consequences of the fathers’ iniquity on the children to the third and fourth generations20:5 Nm 14:18; Ps 79:8; Jr 32:18 of those who hate me,
6but showing faithful love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commands.20:6 Dt 7:9
7Do not misuse the name of the Lord your God, because the Lord will not leave anyone unpunished who misuses his name.20:7 Lv 19:12; Mt 5:33
8Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy:20:8 Ex 31:13–16; Lv 26:2
9You are to labor six days and do all your work,20:9 Ex 34:21; Lk 13:14
10but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. You must not do any work — you, your son or daughter, your male or female servant, your livestock, or the resident alien who is within your city gates.20:10 Gn 2:2–3; Neh 13:16–19
11For the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and everything in them in six days; then he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and declared it holy.
12Honor your father and your mother20:12 Lv 19:3; Mt 15:4; Mk 7:10; Lk 18:20; Eph 6:2 so that you may have a long life in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.
13Do not murder.20:13 Mt 5:21; Rm 13:9
14Do not commit adultery.20:14 Dt 5:18; Mt 5:27
15Do not steal.20:15 Lv 19:11; Mt 19:18
16Do not give false testimony against your neighbor.20:16 Ex 23:1
17Do not covet your neighbor’s house. Do not covet your neighbor’s wife, his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.20:17 Dt 5:21; Mt 5:28; Lk 12:15; Rm 7:7; 13:9; Eph 5:3,5; Heb 13:5
The People’s Reaction
18All the people witnessed20:18 Lit saw the thunder and lightning, the sound of the ram’s horn, and the mountain surrounded by smoke. When the people saw it20:18 Sam, LXX, Syr, Tg, Vg read smoke. The people (or they) were afraid, they trembled and stood at a distance.20:18 Ex 19:18; Heb 12:18
19“You speak to us, and we will listen,” they said to Moses, “but don’t let God speak to us, or we will die.”20:19 Dt 5:25,27; Gl 3:19
20Moses responded to the people, “Don’t be afraid, for God has come to test you, so that you will fear him and will not20:20 Lit that the fear of him may be in you, and you do not sin.”20:20 Dt 13:3; Pr 16:6; Is 8:13
21And the people remained standing at a distance as Moses approached the total darkness where God was.20:21 Ex 19:16; Dt 5:22
Moses Receives Additional Laws
22Then the Lord told Moses, “This is what you are to say to the Israelites: You have seen that I have spoken to you from heaven.20:22 Dt 4:36; Neh 9:13
23Do not make gods of silver to rival me; do not make gods of gold for yourselves.20:23 Ex 20:3; 32:4
24“Make an earthen altar for me, and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, your flocks and herds. I will come to you and bless you in every place where I cause my name to be remembered.20:24 Gn 12:2; Dt 12:5; 16:6,11; 1Kg 9:3; 2Ch 6:6
25If you make a stone altar for me, do not build it out of cut stones. If you use your chisel on it, you will defile it.20:25 Dt 27:5–6; Jos 8:31
26Do not go up to my altar on steps, so that your nakedness is not exposed on it.