The Words of Agur
1The words of Agur son of Jakeh. The pronouncement.30:1 Or son of Jakeh from Massa; Pr 31:130:1 Nm 24:3; Pr 31:1; Nah 1:1; Hab 1:1; Zch 9:1; Mal 1:1
The man’s oration to Ithiel, to Ithiel and Ucal:30:1 Hb uncertain. Sometimes read with different word division as oration: I am weary, God, I am weary, God, and I am exhausted, or oration: I am not God, I am not God, that I should prevail. LXX reads My son, fear my words and when you have received them repent. The man says these things to the believers in God, and I pause.

2I am more stupid than any other person,30:2 Lit I am more stupid than a man
and I lack a human’s ability to understand.30:2 1Kg 3:7
3I have not gained wisdom,
and I have no knowledge of the Holy One.30:3 Pr 9:10
4Who has gone up to heaven and come down?30:4 Jn 3:13; Eph 4:9–10
Who has gathered the wind in his hands?
Who has bound up the waters in a cloak?30:4 Jb 26:8; 38:9
Who has established all the ends of the earth?30:4 Jb 38:4–5; Ps 93:1; 119:90; Is 45:18
What is his name,
and what is the name of his son —
if you know?30:4 Mt 11:27; Rv 19:12–13
5Every word of God is pure;30:5 Lit refined30:5 Ps 12:6; 18:30
he is a shield to those who take refuge in him.30:5 Ps 3:3
6Don’t add to his words,30:6 Dt 4:2; 12:32; Rv 22:18
or he will rebuke you, and you will be proved a liar.30:6 Dt 18:22

7Two things I ask of you;
don’t deny them to me before I die:
8Keep falsehood and deceitful words far from me.
Give me neither poverty nor wealth;
feed me with the food I need.30:8 Jb 23:12; Mt 6:11; Php 4:11–12
9Otherwise, I might have too much30:9 Dt 6:10–12; 8:11–14
and deny you,30:9 Jos 24:27; Jb 31:28 saying, “Who is the Lord?” 30:9 Ex 5:2
or I might have nothing and steal,30:9 Ex 20:5; Eph 4:28
profaning30:9 Lit grabbing the name of my God.30:9 Lv 19:11–12

10Don’t slander a servant to his master
or he will curse you,30:10 Ec 7:21 and you will become guilty.

11There is a generation that curses its father
and does not bless its mother.30:11 Ex 21:17; Pr 20:20
12There is a generation that is pure in its own eyes,30:12 Pr 16:2; Lk 18:11
yet is not washed from its filth.
13There is a generation — how haughty its eyes
and pretentious its looks.30:13 Lit and its eyelids lifted up
14There is a generation whose teeth are swords,30:14 Ps 57:4
whose fangs are knives,30:14 Jb 29:17
devouring the oppressed from the land30:14 Ps 14:4
and the needy from among mankind.

15The leech has two daughters: “Give, Give!”
Three things30:15 Pr 6:16; 30:18,21,29 are never satisfied;
four never say, “Enough!”:
16Sheol;30:16 Pr 27:20; Hab 2:5 a childless womb;30:16 Gn 30:1
earth, which is never satisfied with water;
and fire, which never says, “Enough!”

17As for the eye that ridicules a father30:17 Gn 9:22
and despises obedience to a mother,
may ravens of the valley pluck it out
and young vultures eat it.30:17 Dt 28:26

18Three things are too wondrous for me;30:18 Jb 42:3; Ps 131; 139:6
four I can’t understand:
19the way of an eagle in the sky,
the way of a snake on a rock,
the way of a ship at sea,
and the way of a man with a young woman.

20This is the way of an adulteress:
she eats and wipes her mouth
and says, “I’ve done nothing wrong.”30:20 Pr 28:24; 1Jn 1:8

21The earth trembles under three things;
it cannot bear up under four:
22a servant when he becomes king,30:22 Pr 19:10; Ec 10:7
a fool when he is stuffed with food,
23an unloved woman when she marries,30:23 Gn 29:30–31; Dt 21:15
and a servant girl when she ousts her queen.

24Four things on earth are small,
yet they are extremely wise:
25ants are not a strong people,
yet they store up their food in the summer;30:25 Pr 6:6–8
26hyraxes are not a mighty people,
yet they make their homes in the cliffs;30:26 Lv 11:5; Ps 104:18
27locusts have no king,
yet all of them march in ranks;30:27 Jl 2:7–8
28a lizard30:28 Or spider can be caught in your hands,
yet it lives in kings’ palaces.

29Three things are stately in their stride;
four are stately in their walk:
30a lion, which is mightiest among beasts
and doesn’t retreat before anything;
31a strutting rooster;30:31 Or a greyhound a goat;
and a king at the head of his army.30:31 LXX reads king addressing his people

32If you have been foolish by exalting yourself
or if you’ve been scheming,
put your hand over your mouth.30:32 Jb 21:5; Mc 7:16
33For the churning of milk produces butter,
and twisting a nose draws blood,
and stirring up anger produces strife.30:33 Pr 10:12; 29:22