Israel Oppressed in Egypt
2Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah;
3Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin;
4Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher.
8A new king, who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt.
9He said to his people, “Look, the Israelite people are more numerous and powerful than we are.1:9 Ps 105:24
10Come, let’s deal shrewdly with them; otherwise they will multiply further, and when war breaks out, they will join our enemies, fight against us, and leave the country.”1:10 Ps 83:3–4; Ac 7:19
11So the Egyptians assigned taskmasters over the Israelites to oppress them with forced labor.1:11 Gn 15:13; Ex 2:11; 3:7; 5:4–5; 6:6; Dt 26:6 They built Pithom and Rameses as supply cities1:11 Gn 47:11; 1Kg 9:19; 2Ch 8:4 for Pharaoh.
12But the more they oppressed them, the more they multiplied and spread so that the Egyptians came to dread1:12 Or Egyptians loathed the Israelites.
15The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives — the first, whose name was Shiphrah, and the second, whose name was Puah —
16“When you help the Hebrew women give birth, observe them as they deliver. If the child is a son, kill him, but if it’s a daughter, she may live.”
17The midwives, however, feared God1:17 Ex 1:21; Pr 16:6 and did not do as the king of Egypt had told them;1:17 Dn 3:16–18; Ac 4:18–20; 5:29 they let the boys live.
18So the king of Egypt summoned the midwives and asked them, “Why have you done this and let the boys live?”
20So God was good to the midwives,1:20 Pr 11:18; Is 3:10 and the people multiplied and became very numerous.
21Since the midwives feared God, he gave them families.1:21 1Sm 2:35; 2Sm 7:11,27; 1Kg 11:38; Ps 127:1
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