Israel’s Suffering in Egypt
1Now these are the names of the children of Israel who came to Egypt; each man and his household came with Jacob:
2Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah;
3Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin;
4Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
5All those 1:5 Lit. who came from the loins ofwho were descendants of Jacob were seventy1:5 DSS, LXX seventy-five; cf. Acts 7:14 persons (for Joseph was in Egypt already).
6And Joseph died, all his brothers, and all that generation.
7But the children of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly, multiplied and 1:7 became very numerousgrew exceedingly mighty; and the land was filled with them.
8Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.
9And he said to his people, “Look, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we;
10come, let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply, and it happen, in the event of war, that they also join our enemies and fight against us, and so go up out of the land.”
11Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh supply cities, Pithom and Raamses.
12But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were in dread of the children of Israel.
13So the Egyptians made the children of Israel serve with 1:13 harshnessrigor.
14And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage—in mortar, in brick, and in all manner of service in the field. All their service in which they made them serve was with rigor.
15Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of one was Shiphrah and the name of the other Puah;
16and he said, “When you do the duties of a midwife for the Hebrew women, and see them on the birthstools, if it is a son, then you shall kill him; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.”
17But the midwives feared God, and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the male children alive.
18So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this thing, and saved the male children alive?”
19And the midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women; for they 1:19 have vigor of life, bear quickly, easilyare lively and give birth before the midwives come to them.”
20Therefore God dealt well with the midwives, and the people multiplied and 1:20 became very numerousgrew very mighty.
21And so it was, because the midwives feared God, that He 1:21 gave them familiesprovided households for them.
22So Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, “Every son who is 1:22 Sam., LXX, Tg. add to the Hebrewsborn you shall cast into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive.”
New King James Version®, Copyright© 1982, Thomas Nelson. All rights reserved.