Social and Spiritual Corruption
1Listen to this message, you cows of Bashan4:1 Ps 22:12; Ezk 39:18
who are on the hill of Samaria,
women who oppress the poor
and crush the needy,4:1 Ex 23:3,6; Lv 19:15; 25:35; Dt 15:4–11; Am 5:11; 8:6
who say to their husbands,
“Bring us something to drink.”4:1 Am 2:8; 6:6
2The Lord God has sworn4:2 Am 6:8; 8:7 by his holiness:4:2 Ps 89:35
Look, the days are coming4:2 Lit coming on you
when you will be taken away with hooks,4:2 Is 37:29; Ezk 38:4
every last one of you with fishhooks.4:2 2Kg 19:28; 2Ch 33:10–11
3You will go through breaches in the wall,4:3 Jr 52:7
each woman straight ahead,
and you will be driven along toward Harmon.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

4Come to Bethel and rebel;
rebel even more at Gilgal!4:4 Am 5:5
Bring your sacrifices every morning,4:4 Am 5:21–22
your tenths every three days.
5Offer leavened bread as a thanksgiving sacrifice,4:5 Lv 7:12
and loudly proclaim your freewill offerings,4:5 Lv 22:18–21
for that is what you Israelites love to do!4:5 Jr 7:9–10; Hs 9:1,10
This is the declaration of the Lord God.
God’s Discipline and Israel’s Apostasy
6I gave you absolutely nothing to eat4:6 Lit you cleanness of teeth4:6 Is 3:1; Jr 14:18 in all your cities,
a shortage of food in all your communities,
yet you did not return to me.4:6 Is 9:13; Jr 5:3; Hg 2:17
This is the Lord’s declaration.

7I also withheld the rain from you4:7 Jr 3:1–3; 5:23–25
while there were still three months until harvest.
I sent rain on one city
but no rain on another.4:7 Ex 9:4,26; 10:22–23
One field received rain
while a field with no rain withered.4:7 Lv 26:18–19; Jl 1:10–12
8Two or three cities staggered
to another city to drink water4:8 1Kg 18:5; Jr 14:4
but were not satisfied,4:8 Ezk 4:16; Hg 1:6
yet you did not return4:8 Jr 3:7 to me.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

9I struck you with blight and mildew;4:9 Dt 28:22; Hg 2:17
the locust devoured4:9 Jl 1:4; Am 7:1–2
your many gardens and vineyards,
your fig trees and olive trees,4:9 Dt 28:38–42; Jl 1:4–7,12
yet you did not return to me.4:9 Jr 3:10
This is the Lord’s declaration.

10I sent plagues like those of Egypt;4:10 Ex 11:4–5; Dt 28:27,60
I killed your young men with the sword,4:10 Jr 11:22; 18:21; 48:15
along with your captured horses.4:10 2Kg 13:3,7
I caused the stench of your camp
to fill your nostrils,4:10 Is 34:3
yet you did not return to me.4:10 Is 9:13
This is the Lord’s declaration.

11I overthrew some of you
as I4:11 Lit God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah,4:11 Gn 19:24–25
and you were like a burning stick
snatched from a fire,4:11 Zch 3:1–2
yet you did not return to me4:11 Is 9:13 —
This is the Lord’s declaration.

12Therefore, Israel, that is what I will do to you,
and since I will do that to you,
Israel, prepare to meet your God!4:12 Is 32:11; 64:2; Jr 5:22
13He is here:
the one who forms the mountains,4:13 Jb 38:4–7; Ps 65:6; Is 40:12
creates the wind,4:13 Ps 135:7
and reveals his thoughts to man,4:13 Ps 139:2; Dn 2:30
the one who makes the dawn out of darkness
and strides on the heights of the earth.4:13 Mc 1:3
The Lord, the God of Armies, is his name.4:13 Am 5:8–9,27; 9:5–6