About the Elders
1I exhort the elders among you as a fellow elder and witness5:1 Ac 4:20 to the sufferings of Christ, as well as one who shares in the glory about to be revealed:5:1 Rm 8:18; Col 3:4
2Shepherd God’s flock among you,5:2 Jr 3:15; 23:1; Jn 21:16; Ac 20:28 not overseeing5:2 Other mss omit overseeing out of compulsion but willingly, as God would have you;5:2 Other mss omit as God would have you not out of greed for money but eagerly;
3not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock.
4And when the chief Shepherd5:4 Jn 10:11,14; 21:15–17; Heb 13:20; 1Pt 2:25 appears, you will receive the unfading crown5:4 1Co 9:25; Rv 12:1 of glory.
5In the same way, you who are younger, be subject to the elders. All of you clothe yourselves with5:5 Or you tie around yourselves humility toward one another, because
God resists the proud
6Humble5:6 Lk 14:11 yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand5:6 1Kg 8:42; 2Ch 6:32; Dn 9:15 of God, so that he may exalt you at the proper time,
8Be sober-minded,5:8 1Th 5:6,8; 2Tm 4:5; 1Pt 1:13; 4:7 be alert.5:8 Rv 16:15 Your adversary the devil5:8 Mt 4:1,10; Ac 13:10 is prowling around like a roaring lion, looking for anyone he can devour.
10The God of all grace, who called you to his eternal glory5:10 1Pt 5:1,4; 2Pt 3:18 in Christ,5:10 Other mss read in Christ Jesus will himself restore, establish, strengthen, and support you after you have suffered a little while.5:10 Or to a small extent
11To him be dominion5:11 Some mss read dominion and glory; other mss read glory and dominion forever.5:11 Other mss read forever and ever Amen.
12Through Silvanus,5:12 Or Silas; Ac 15:22–32; 16:19–40; 17:1–165:12 Ac 15:22; 1Th 1:1; 2Th 1:1 a faithful brother (as I consider him), I have written to you briefly in order to encourage you and to testify that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it!
13She who is in Babylon,5:13 Rv 14:8; 16:19; 17:5,18; 18:2,10,21 chosen together with you, sends you greetings, as does Mark, my son.
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