God’s Lawsuit against Judah
1Now listen to what the Lord is saying:
Rise, plead your case before the mountains,
and let the hills hear your voice.
2Listen to the Lord’s lawsuit, Is 3:13; Jr 2:9
you mountains and enduring foundations of the earth, 2Sm 22:16; Ps 104:5
because the Lord has a case against His people, Is 1:18; Hs 4:1; 12:2
and He will argue it against Israel.
3My people, Ps 50:7 what have I done to you, Jr 2:5
or how have I wearied you? Is 43:22-23
Testify against Me!
4Indeed, I brought you up Ex 12:51; 20:2 from the land of Egypt
and redeemed you Dt 7:8 from that place of slavery. Ex 20:2
I sent Moses, Ps 77:20 Aaron, and Miriam Ex 15:20 ahead of you.
5My people,
remember what Balak king of Moab Nm 22:5-6 proposed,
what Balaam son of Beor answered him, Nm 22–24
and what happened from the Acacia Grove Or Shittim Nm 25:1; Jos 2:1; 3:1 to Gilgal Jos 4:19; 5:9-10
so that you may acknowledge
the Lord’s righteous acts. 1Sm 12:7; Ps 103:6; Is 1:27
6What should I bring before the Lord Ps 40:6-8
when I come to bow before God on high?
Should I come before Him with burnt offerings, Ps 51:16-17
with year-old calves?
7Would the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams Ps 50:9; Is 40:16
or with ten thousand streams of oil?
Should I give my firstborn for my transgression, Lv 18:21; 20:1-5; Jr 7:31
the child of my body for my own sin?
8Mankind, He has told you what is good Dt 30:15
and what it is the Lord requires of you: Dt 10:12
to act justly, Is 56:1; Jr 22:3; Mt 23:23
to love faithfulness, Hs 6:6
and to walk humbly with your God. Is 57:15; 66:2
Verdict of Judgment
9The voice of Yahweh calls out to the city = Jerusalem
(and it is wise to fear Your name):
“Pay attention to the rod
and the One who ordained it. Or attention, you tribe. Who has ordained it? ; Hb obscure
10Are there still Hb obscure the treasures of wickedness Jr 5:26-27; Am 3:10
and the accursed short measure Ezk 45:9-10; Am 8:5
in the house of the wicked?
11Can I excuse wicked scales
or bags of deceptive weights? Lv 19:36; Hs 12:7
12For the wealthy of the city are full of violence, Is 1:23; 5:7; Am 6:3-4; Mc 2:1-2
and its residents speak lies; Jr 9:2-6,8; Hs 7:13; Am 2:4
the tongues in their mouths are deceitful. Is 3:8
13“As a result, I have begun to strike you severely, LXX, Aq, Theod, Syr, Vg; MT reads I have made you sick by striking you down Mc 1:9
bringing desolation because of your sins. Is 1:7; 6:11
14You will eat but not be satisfied, Is 9:20
for there will be hunger within you.
What you acquire, you cannot save, Is 30:6
and what you do save,
I will give to the sword. Hb obscure
15You will sow but not reap; Dt 28:38-40; Jr 12:13
you will press olives
but not anoint yourself with oil;
and you will tread grapes
but not drink the wine. Am 5:11; Zph 1:13
16The statutes of Omri
and all the practices of Ahab’s house
have been observed;
you have followed their policies. 1Kg 16:25-34; 2Kg 21:3; 2Ch 21:6,13; Jr 7:24
Therefore, I will make you a desolate place Jr 18:16
and the city’s Lit and its residents an object of contempt; Lit residents a hissing Jr 19:8; 25:9,18; 29:18
you will bear the scorn of My people.” LXX reads of the peoples Ps 44:13; Jr 51:51; Hs 12:14