Commissioning the Twelve
1Summoning His 12 disciples, Mk 3:13-19; 6:13-16 He gave them authority over unclean spirits, to drive them out and to heal every Or every kind of disease and sickness. Mt 9:35; Mk 6:7; Lk 9:1
2These are the names of the 12 apostles: Mt 4:18,21; 16:18; Jn 1:42
First, Simon, who is called Peter,
and Andrew his brother;
James the son of Zebedee,
and John his brother;
3Philip and Bartholomew; Probably the Nathanael of Jn 1:45-51
Thomas and Matthew the tax collector;
James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; Other mss read and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus
4Simon the Zealot, Lit the Cananaean and Judas Iscariot, Iscariot is probably “a man of Kerioth,” a town in Judea.
who also betrayed Him. Mt 26:14; Lk 22:3; Jn 6:71; 13:2,26
5Jesus sent out these 12 after giving them instructions: “Don’t take the road leading to other nations, and don’t enter any Samaritan 2Kg 17:24; Lk 9:52; 17:16; Jn 4:9; Ac 8:25 town.
6Instead, go to the lost sheep Ps 119:36; Is 53:6; Jr 50:6; Mt 9:36; 18:12 of the house of Israel. Ac 2:36; 7:42; Heb 8:8,10
7As you go, announce this: ‘The kingdom of heaven has come near.’ Mt 3:2-3; 4:17; Lk 10:9
8Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse those with skin diseases, drive out demons. Mk 3:15; Rv 9:20; 18:2 You have received free of charge; give free of charge.
9Don’t take along gold, silver, or copper for your money-belts. Mk 6:6-8; Lk 9:3-5; 10:4-12
10Don’t take a traveling bag for the road, or an extra shirt, sandals, or a walking stick, for the worker Lk 10:7; 1Co 9:14; 1Tm 5:18 is worthy of his food.
11“When you enter any town or village, find out who is worthy, and stay there until you leave.
12Greet a household when you enter it, 1Sm 25:6; 1Ch 12:18; Ps 122:7-8
13and if the household is worthy, let your peace be on it. But if it is unworthy, let your peace return to you. Ps 35:13; Mt 8:8; Ac 16:15
14If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words, shake the dust off your feet Neh 5:13; Lk 10:11; Ac 13:51 when you leave that house or town.
15I assure you: It will be more tolerable on the day of judgment Mt 12:36; Ac 17:31; Heb 10:25; 2Pt 2:9; 1Jn 4:17 for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah than for that town. Mt 11:22,24; 2Pt 2:6; Jd 6-7
Persecutions Predicted
16“Look, I’m sending you out like sheep among wolves. Therefore be as shrewd as serpents and as harmless as doves. Gn 3:1; Lk 10:3; Rm 16:19; Php 2:15
17Because people will hand you over to sanhedrins Local Jewish courts or local councils and flog you in their synagogues, Mk 13:9,11; Lk 12:11-12; Ac 5:40; 26:11 beware of them.
18You will even be brought before governors and kings because of Me, to bear witness to them and to the nations. Mt 28:19; Rm 1:5; Gl 1:16
19But when they hand you over, don’t worry about how or what you should speak. Ex 4:12; Nm 23:5; Dt 18:18; Mt 6:25 For you will be given what to say at that hour,
20because you are not speaking, but the Spirit Ps 51:11; Jn 1:33; Ac 2:4; Rm 8:9; Gl 5:25; Ti 3:5 of your Father is speaking through you. Lk 12:12; Ac 4:8; 13:9; 2Co 13:3
21“Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child. Children will even rise up against their parents and have them put to death. Mc 7:6; Mt 10:35-36; Mk 13:12
22You will be hated by everyone because of My name. Mt 24:9; Lk 21:17; Jn 15:18 But the one who endures to the end will be delivered. Or saved Mt 24:13; Mk 13:13; Jn 12:12-13
23When they persecute you in one town, escape to another. Mt 12:15; Ac 8:1; 9:25; 14:6; 17:10 For I assure you: You will not have covered the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes.
24A disciple Or student is not above his teacher, or a slave above his master. Lk 6:40; Jn 13:16; 15:20
25It is enough for a disciple to become like his teacher and a slave like his master. If they called the head of the house ‘Beelzebul,’ how much more the members of his household! 2Kg 1:2; Mt 12:24,27; Mk 3:22; Lk 11:15,18-19
Fear God
26“Therefore, Lk 12:2-9 don’t be afraid of them, since there is nothing covered that won’t be uncovered and nothing hidden that won’t be made known. Mk 4:22; Lk 8:17; 12:2
27What I tell you in the dark, speak in the light. What you hear in a whisper, Lit in the ear proclaim on the housetops. Mt 24:17; Lk 5:19; 12:3; Ac 5:20
28Don’t fear those who kill the body but are not able to kill the soul; Is 8:12-13; 51:12-13; Jr 1:8; 1Pt 3:14 rather, fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. Mt 5:22; Lk 12:5; Heb 10:31; Jms 4:12
29Aren’t two sparrows sold for a penny? Gk assarion, a small copper coin Yet not one of them falls to the ground without your Father’s Mt 5:16; 11:27; Lk 11:13; Jn 8:42 consent. Lit ground apart from your Father
30But even the hairs of your head have all been counted. 1Sm 14:45; 2Sm 14:11; Lk 21:18; Ac 27:34
31So don’t be afraid therefore; you are worth more than many sparrows. Mt 6:26; 12:12
Acknowledging Christ
32“Therefore, everyone who will acknowledge Me before men, I will also acknowledge him before My Father in heaven. Lk 12:8; Rm 10:9-10; Rv 3:5
33But whoever denies Me before men, Mk 8:38; Lk 9:26; 2Tm 2:12; 2Pt 2:1 I will also deny him before My Father in heaven.
34Don’t assume that I came to bring peace on the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. Lk 12:51-53
35For I came to turn
a man against his father,
a daughter against her mother,
a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law;
36and a man’s enemies will be
the members of his household. Ps 41:9; 55:12-13; Mc 7:6; Jn 13:18 Mc 7:6
37The person who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me; Lk 14:25-27 the person who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me.
38And whoever doesn’t take up his cross and follow Lit follow after Me is not worthy of Me.
39Anyone finding Or The one who finds his life will lose it, Mt 16:25; Mk 8:35; Lk 9:24; 17:33; Jn 12:25 and anyone losing Or and the one who loses his life because of Me will find it. Mt 9:9; Jn 8:12; 12:26; 21:19
A Cup of Cold Water
40“The one who welcomes you welcomes Me, Mt 18:5; Lk 10:16; Jn 13:20; Gl 4:14 and the one who welcomes Me welcomes Him who sent Me. Mk 9:37; Lk 9:48; Jn 12:44
41Anyone who Or The one who welcomes a prophet 1Kg 17:10-15; 18:4; 2Kg 4:8; 3Jn 5-8 because he is a prophet Lit prophet in the name of a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward. And anyone who Or And the one who welcomes a righteous person because he’s righteous Lit person in the name of a righteous person will receive a righteous person’s reward.
42And whoever gives Mt 25:40; Mk 9:41; Heb 6:10 just a cup of cold water to one of these little ones because he is a disciple Lit little ones in the name of a disciple Mt 28:19; Lk 14:26; Jn 8:31; 13:35; 15:8; Ac 6:1 — I assure you: He will never lose his reward! ”