Paul Answers an Objection
1So what advantage does the Jew have? Or what is the benefit of circumcision?
2Considerable in every way. First, they were entrusted3:2 Dt 4:8; Ps 147:19; Rm 9:4 with the very words of God.3:2 Ac 7:38
3What then? If some were unfaithful,3:3 Rm 10:16; Heb 4:2 will their unfaithfulness nullify God’s faithfulness?
That you may be justified in your words
and triumph when you judge. 3:4 Ps 51:4 3:4 Ps 51:4
5But if our unrighteousness highlights3:5 Or shows, or demonstrates God’s righteousness,3:5 Rm 5:8; 2Co 6:4; Gl 2:18 what are we to say?3:5 Rm 4:1; 7:7; 8:31; 9:14,30 I am using a human argument:3:5 Lit I speak as a man3:5 Rm 6:19; 1Co 9:8; 15:32; Gl 3:15 Is God unrighteous to inflict wrath?
7But if by my lie God’s truth abounds to his glory, why am I also still being judged as a sinner?3:7 Rm 9:19
The Whole World Guilty before God
9What then? Are we any better off?3:9 Are we Jews any better than the Gentiles? Not at all! For we have already charged that both Jews3:9 Rm 2:1–29 and Greeks3:9 Rm 1:18–32 are all under sin,3:9 Under sin’s power or dominion3:9 Rm 3:19,23; 11:32; Gl 3:22
10as it is written:
There is no one righteous, not even one.
11 There is no one who understands;
there is no one who seeks God.
12 All have turned away;
all alike have become worthless.
There is no one who does what is good,
13 Their throat is an open grave;
they deceive with their tongues. 3:13 Ps 5:9 3:13 Ps 5:9
Vipers’ venom is under their lips. 3:13 Ps 140:3 3:13 Ps 140:3
15 Their feet are swift to shed blood;
16 ruin and wretchedness are in their paths,
19Now we know that whatever the law says,3:19 Jn 10:34 it speaks to those who are subject to the law,3:19 Lit those in the law3:19 Rm 2:12 so that every mouth may be shut and the whole world may become subject to God’s judgment.3:19 Or become guilty before God, or may be accountable to God3:19 Rm 2:9
The Righteousness of God through Faith
21But now, apart from the law, the righteousness of God has been revealed,3:21 Rm 1:17; 9:30 attested by the Law and the Prophets.3:21 When capitalized, the Law and the Prophets = OT3:21 Ac 10:43; Rm 1:2
22The righteousness of God is through faith3:22 Rm 4:5 in Jesus Christ3:22 Or through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ3:22 Ac 3:16; Gl 2:16,20; 3:22; Eph 3:12 to all who believe,3:22 Rm 4:11,16; 10:4 since there is no distinction.3:22 Rm 10:12; Gl 3:28; Col 3:11
24they are justified freely by his grace3:24 Rm 4:4,16; Eph 2:8 through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.3:24 1Co 1:30; Eph 1:7; Col 1:14; Heb 9:15
25God presented him as the mercy seat3:25 Or propitiation, or place of atonement3:25 1Jn 2:2; 4:10 by his blood,3:25 1Co 5:7; Heb 9:14,28; 1Pt 1:19; Rv 1:5 through faith, to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his restraint God3:25 Rm 2:4 passed over the sins previously committed.3:25 Ac 17:30; 14:16
26God presented him to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, so that he would be just and justify the one who has faith in Jesus.
27Where, then, is boasting?3:27 Rm 2:17,23; 4:2; 1Co 1:29–31 It is excluded. By what kind of law?3:27 Or what principle?3:27 Rm 9:31 By one of works? No, on the contrary, by a law3:27 Or a principle of faith.
28For we conclude that a person is justified by faith apart from the works of the law.3:28 Ac 13:39; Rm 9:31; Eph 2:9; Jms 2:20,24,26
29Or is God the God of Jews only?3:29 Ac 10:34; Rm 9:24; 10:12; 15:9; Gl 3:28 Is he not the God of Gentiles too? Yes, of Gentiles too,
30since there is one God3:30 Rm 10:12 who will justify the circumcised by faith3:30 Rm 4:11,16; Gl 3:8 and the uncircumcised through faith.
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