Judgment of the Nations
1Yes, in those days and at that time,
when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem,3:1 Jr 32:44; 33:7,11; Ezk 39:25
2I will gather all the nations3:2 Is 66:18; Mc 4:12
and take them to the Valley of Jehoshaphat.3:2 = The Lord Will Judge3:2 Jl 3:12,14
I will enter into judgment with them there3:2 Is 66:16; Jr 25:31
because of my people, my inheritance Israel.
The nations have scattered the Israelites
in foreign countries3:2 Jr 50:17; Ezk 34:6
and divided up my land.3:2 Ezk 35:10; 36:1–5
3They cast lots for my people;3:3 Ob 11; Nah 3:10
they bartered a boy for a prostitute
and sold a girl for wine to drink.3:3 Am 2:6
4And also: Tyre,3:4 Am 1:9; Zch 9:2–4 Sidon, and all the territories of Philistia3:4 Am 1:6–8; Zch 9:5–7 — what are you to me? Are you paying me back or trying to get even with me? I will quickly bring retribution on your heads.3:4 Ps 28:4
5For you took my silver and gold and carried my finest treasures3:5 1Kg 20:6; 2Ch 36:19; Lm 1:10–11 to your temples.
6You sold the people of Judah and Jerusalem to the Greeks3:6 Is 66:19; Ezk 27:13 to remove them far from their own territory.
7Look, I am about to rouse them up from the place where you sold them;3:7 Zch 9:13 I will bring retribution on your heads.
8I will sell your sons and daughters to the people of Judah,3:8 Is 14:2; 60:14 and they will sell them to the Sabeans,3:8 Probably the south Arabian kingdom of Sheba (modern Yemen)3:8 Jb 1:15; Ps 72:10; Ezk 38:13 to a distant nation, for the Lord has spoken.
9Proclaim this among the nations:3:9 Jr 51:27–28
Prepare for holy war;3:9 Jr 6:4; Mc 3:5
rouse the warriors;3:9 Is 8:9–10; Jr 46:3–4; Zch 14:2–3
let all the men of war advance and attack!
10Beat your plows into swords
and your pruning knives into spears.3:10 Is 2:4; Mc 4:3
Let even the weakling say, “I am a warrior.”
11Come quickly,3:11 LXX, Syr, Tg read Gather yourselves and come; Hb obscure all you surrounding nations;
gather yourselves.3:11 Ezk 38:15–16
Bring down your warriors there, Lord.3:11 Is 13:3

12Let the nations be roused
and come to the Valley of Jehoshaphat,
for there I will sit down
to judge all the surrounding nations.3:12 Ps 7:6; 98:9; Is 3:13
13Swing the sickle
because the harvest is ripe.3:13 Jr 51:33; Hs 6:11
Come and trample the grapes
because the winepress is full;3:13 Is 63:3; Lm 1:15
the wine vats overflow
because the wickedness of the nations is extreme.3:13 Gn 18:20; Rv 19:14–16

14Multitudes, multitudes3:14 Is 34:2–8
in the valley of decision!
For the day of the Lord is near3:14 Jl 1:15; 2:1,11
in the valley of decision.
15The sun and moon will grow dark,
and the stars will cease their shining.3:15 Jl 2:10,31
16The Lord will roar from Zion3:16 Hs 11:10; Am 1:2
and make his voice heard from Jerusalem;3:16 Jr 25:30; Am 1:2
heaven and earth will shake.3:16 Ezk 38:19; Jl 2:10; Hg 2:6
But the Lord will be a refuge for his people,3:16 Ps 46:1; 62:8; Pr 14:26
a stronghold for the Israelites.3:16 Jr 16:19; Nah 1:7
Israel Blessed
17Then you will know
that I am the Lord your God,3:17 Ex 6:7; 29:46; Ezk 20:20
who dwells in Zion, my holy mountain.3:17 Is 11:9; 56:7; Ezk 20:40
Jerusalem will be holy,3:17 Is 4:3; Ob 17
and foreigners will never overrun it again.3:17 Is 52:1; Nah 1:15
18In that day
the mountains will drip with sweet wine,3:18 Am 9:13
and the hills will flow with milk.3:18 Ex 3:8
All the streams of Judah will flow with water,3:18 Is 30:25; 35:6
and a spring will issue from the Lord’s house,3:18 Ezk 47:1–12
watering the Valley of Acacias.3:18 Or Shittim3:18 Nm 25:1; Ezk 47:8
19Egypt will become desolate,
and Edom a desert wasteland,
because of the violence done to the people of Judah3:19 Ob 10
in whose land they shed innocent blood.
20But Judah will be inhabited forever,3:20 Ezk 37:25; Am 9:15
and Jerusalem from generation to generation.
21I will pardon their bloodguilt,3:21 LXX, Syr read I will avenge their blood3:21 Is 4:4
which I have not pardoned,
for the Lord dwells in Zion.