The Table of Nations
1These are the family records10:1 Gn 2:4 of Noah’s sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. They also had sons after the flood.
2Japheth’s sons:10:2–5 1Ch 1:5–7; Ezk 38:1–6 Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
3Gomer’s sons: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
4And Javan’s sons: Elishah, Tarshish,10:4 1Kg 10:22; Is 2:16 Kittim, and Dodanim.10:4 Some Hb mss, LXX read Rodanim; 1Ch 1:7
5From these descendants, the peoples of the coasts and islands spread out into their lands according to their clans in their nations, each with its own language.
6Ham’s sons:10:6–7 1Ch 1:8–10 Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.
7Cush’s sons: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. And Raamah’s sons: Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush fathered Nimrod, who began to be powerful in the land.
9He was a powerful hunter in the sight of the Lord. That is why it is said, “Like Nimrod, a powerful hunter in the sight of the Lord.”
10His kingdom started with Babylon,10:10 Gn 11:9 Erech,10:10 Or Uruk Accad,10:10 Or Akkad and Calneh,10:10 Or and all of them in the land of Shinar.10:10 Or in Babylonia10:10 Gn 11:2; 14:1
11From that land he went to Assyria10:11 Mc 5:6 and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, Calah,
12and Resen, between Nineveh and the great city Calah.
13Mizraim10:13 = Egypt10:13–18 1Ch 1:11–16 fathered the people of Lud, Anam, Lehab, Naphtuh,
14Pathrus, Casluh (the Philistines came from them), and Caphtor.10:14 Jr 47:4; Am 9:7
15Canaan fathered Sidon his firstborn and Heth,
16as well as the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites,10:16 Gn 15:19–21
17the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites,
18the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward the Canaanite clans scattered.
19The Canaanite border went from Sidon going toward Gerar as far as Gaza, and going toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim as far as Lasha.
20These are Ham’s sons by their clans, according to their languages, in their lands and their nations.
21And Shem, Japheth’s older brother, also had sons. Shem was the father of all the sons of Eber.10:21 Gn 11:13–14
22Shem’s sons10:22–29 1Ch 1:17–23 were Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.
23Aram’s sons: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.
24Arpachshad fathered10:24 LXX reads fathered Cainan, and Cainan fathered; Gn 11:12–13; Lk 3:35–36 Shelah,10:24 Gn 11:12; Lk 3:35 and Shelah fathered Eber.
25Eber had two sons. One was named Peleg,10:25 = Division for during his days the earth was divided;10:25 Gn 11:8; Ps 55:9 his brother was named Joktan.
26And Joktan fathered Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,
28Obal, Abimael, Sheba,
29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were Joktan’s sons.
30Their settlements extended from Mesha to Sephar, the eastern hill country.
31These are Shem’s sons by their clans, according to their languages, in their lands and their nations.
32These are the clans of Noah’s sons, according to their family records, in their nations. The nations on earth spread out from these after the flood.10:32 Gn 9:19