1This is the blessing that Moses, the man of God, gave the Israelites before his death.33:1–29 Gn 49:1–33
The Lord came from Sinai
and came with ten thousand holy ones,33:2 LXX reads Mount Paran with ten thousands from Kadesh
with lightning33:2 Or fiery law; Hb obscure from his right hand33:2 Or ones, from his southland to the mountain slopes for them.33:2 Jdg 5:4–5; Ps 68:7–8; Hab 3:3
All your33:3 Lit his, or its holy ones are in your hand,
and they assemble33:3 Hb obscure at your feet.
Each receives your words.
4Moses gave us instruction,
a possession for the assembly of Jacob.
when the leaders of the people gathered
with the tribes of Israel.
6Let Reuben live and not die
7He said this about Judah:
Lord, hear Judah’s cry and bring him to his people.
He fights for his cause33:7 Or He contends for them with his own hands,
but may you be a help against his foes.
8He said about Levi:
Your Thummim and Urim33:8 Ex 28:30; Lv 8:8; Ezr 2:63; Neh 7:65 belong to your faithful one;33:8 DSS, LXX read Give to Levi your Thummim, your Urim to your favored one
you tested him at Massah
9He said about his father and mother,
“I do not regard them.”
He disregarded his brothers
and didn’t acknowledge his sons,
for they kept your word
and maintained your covenant.33:9 Ex 32:25–29
10They will teach your ordinances to Jacob
and your instruction to Israel;33:10 Dt 31:9–13
they will set incense before you
and whole burnt offerings on your altar.
11 Lord, bless his possessions,33:11 Or abilities
and accept the work of his hands.
Break the back33:11 Or waist of his adversaries and enemies,
so that they cannot rise again.
12He said about Benjamin:
The Lord’s beloved rests33:12 Or Let the Lord’s beloved rest securely on him.
He33:12 LXX reads The Most High shields him all day long,
and he rests on his shoulders.33:12 Or and he dwells among his mountain slopes
13He said about Joseph:
May his land be blessed by the Lord
with the dew of heaven’s bounty
and the watery depths that lie beneath;33:13 Pr 3:20
14with the bountiful harvest from the sun
and the abundant yield of the seasons;
15with the best products of the ancient mountains
16with the choice gifts of the land
and everything in it;
and with the favor of him
who appeared33:16 Lit dwelt in the burning bush.33:16 Ex 3:2–4
May these rest on the head of Joseph,
on the brow of the prince of his brothers.33:16 Gn 49:26
17His firstborn bull has33:17 Some DSS, Sam, LXX, Syr, Vg read A firstborn bull — he has splendor,
and horns like33:17 Lit and his horns are those of a wild ox;
he gores all the peoples with them
to the ends of the earth.
Such are the ten thousands of Ephraim,
and such are the thousands of Manasseh.
18He said about Zebulun:
Rejoice, Zebulun, in your journeys,
and Issachar, in your tents.
19They summon the peoples to a mountain;
there they offer acceptable sacrifices.
For they draw from the wealth of the seas
20He said about Gad:
The one who enlarges Gad’s territory
will be blessed.
He lies down like a lion
and tears off an arm or even a head.33:20 1Ch 12:8
21He chose the best part for himself,
because a ruler’s portion was assigned there for him.
He came with the leaders of the people;
he carried out the Lord’s justice
and his ordinances for Israel.33:20–21 Nm 32:1–38
22He said about Dan:
Dan is a young lion,
leaping out of Bashan.33:22 Jdg 5:17
23He said about Naphtali:
Naphtali, enjoying approval,
full of the Lord’s blessing,
take33:23 Sam, LXX, Syr, Vg, Tg read he will take possession to the west and the south.
24He said about Asher:
May Asher33:24 = Happy or Blessed; Gn 30:13 be the most blessed of the sons;
may he be the most favored among his brothers
and dip his foot in olive oil.33:24 Gn 49:20
25May the bolts of your gate be iron and bronze,
and your strength last as long as you live.
26There is none like the God of Jeshurun,
who rides the heavens to your aid,
and underneath are the everlasting arms.
He drives out the enemy before you
and commands, “Destroy!”
Jacob lives untroubled33:28 Text emended; MT reads Jacob’s fountain is alone33:28 Nm 23:9
in a land of grain and new wine;
even his skies drip with dew.33:28 Dt 8:7–9
29How happy you are, Israel!
Who is like you,
a people saved by the Lord?
He is the shield that protects you,
the sword you boast in.