Journey past Seir
1“Then we turned back and headed for the wilderness by way of the Red Sea,2:1 Ex 10:19; 13:18; 15:4,22; 23:31; Nm 21:4; Dt 1:40 as the Lord had told me, and we traveled around the hill country of Seir for many days.
2The Lord then said to me,
4Command the people: You are about to travel through the territory of your brothers, the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir. They will be afraid of you, so be very careful.
5Don’t provoke them, for I will not give you any of their land, not even a foot of it,2:5 Lit land as far as the width of a sole of a foot because I have given Esau the hill country of Seir as his possession.2:5 Ezk 25:12–14
6You may purchase food from them, so that you may eat, and buy water from them to drink.2:1–6 Nm 20:14–21
Journey past Moab
8“So we bypassed our brothers, the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir. We turned away from the Arabah road and from Elath and Ezion-geber.2:8 Nm 33:35–36; 1Kg 9:26 We traveled along the road to the Wilderness of Moab.
10The Emim, a great and numerous people as tall as the Anakim,2:10 Dt 1:28; Jos 11:21–22 had previously lived there.
11They were also regarded as Rephaim,2:11 Gn 14:5; 15:20; Jos 13:12; 2Sm 21:15–22 like the Anakim, though the Moabites called them Emim.2:11 Gn 14:5
13“The Lord said, ‘Now get up and cross the Zered Valley.’ So we crossed the Zered Valley.2:8–13 Nm 21:10–20
14The time we spent traveling from Kadesh-barnea until we crossed the Zered Valley was thirty-eight years until the entire generation of fighting men had perished from the camp, as the Lord had sworn to them.
Journey past Ammon
16“When all the fighting men had died among the people,
17the Lord spoke to me,
18‘Today you are going to cross the border of Moab at Ar.
20This too used to be regarded as the land of the Rephaim. The Rephaim lived there previously, though the Ammonites called them Zamzummim,2:20 Gn 14:5
21a great and numerous people, tall as the Anakim. The Lord destroyed the Rephaim at the advance of the Ammonites, so that they drove them out and settled in their place.
22This was just as he had done for the descendants of Esau who lived in Seir, when he destroyed the Horites before them; they drove them out and have lived in their place until now.
Defeat of Sihon the Amorite
24“The Lord also said, ‘Get up, move out, and cross the Arnon Valley. See, I have handed the Amorites’ King Sihon of Heshbon and his land over to you. Begin to take possession of it; engage2:24 Or provoke him in battle.2:24 Dt 1:27
26“So I sent messengers with an offer of peace2:26 Dt 20:10; Jdg 21:13 to King Sihon of Heshbon from the Wilderness of Kedemoth, saying,
27‘Let us travel through your land; we will keep strictly to the highway. We will not turn to the right or the left.2:27 Nm 20:17
28You can sell us food in exchange for silver so we may eat, and give us water for silver so we may drink. Only let us travel through on foot,
29just as the descendants of Esau who live in Seir did for us, and the Moabites who live in Ar, until we cross the Jordan into the land the Lord our God is giving us.’
31“Then the Lord said to me, ‘See, I have begun to give Sihon and his land to you. Begin to take possession of it.’
32So Sihon and his whole army came out against us for battle at Jahaz.
33The Lord our God handed him over to us,2:33 Dt 7:2,23; 20:13; 21:10; 31:5; Jos 8:7; 11:8 and we defeated him, his sons, and his whole army.
34At that time we captured all his cities and completely destroyed the people of every city, including the women and children. We left no survivors.2:34 Dt 20:16–18; 1Sm 15:9
35We took only the livestock and the spoil from the cities we captured as plunder for ourselves.
36There was no city that was inaccessible to2:36 Or was too high for2:36 Nm 13:28; Ps 139:6; Pr 18:10–11; Is 2:11,17; 26:5 us, from Aroer on the rim of the Arnon Valley, along with the city in the valley, even as far as Gilead.2:36 Jos 13:9,16 The Lord our God gave everything to us.
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